Celebrating the 5th Annual OA Day of Action (video & text)

Each year on the 8th of January, or 8.1 – the current pH of the ocean – we recognize The Ocean Acidification Day of Action. Watch this video to learn about how The Ocean Foundation and its partners are working to address ocean acidification, and join us in celebrating the successes of our community and setting our sights on the challenges ahead.

Visit our website to learn more about our International Ocean Acidification Initiative:

Ocean Acidification – The Ocean Foundation (oceanfdn.org)

OA Day of Action Press and Social Toolkit – The Ocean Foundation (oceanfdn.org)

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Marine carbon biogeochemist (job # 2022-1947)

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Job Summary

Dr. Zhaohui Aleck Wang’s Lab at WHOI is seeking a motivated individual at the Research Associate II level, with prior computational and/or modeling expertise or experience with marine carbonate chemistry and the ability to analyze and work with large datasets. This is a regular, full-time, non-exempt position, and is eligible for benefits. Funding is available through June of 2024 with the possibility of extension.

The technician will work with team members to primarily conduct computational analysis of regional and global climate model output, but may also involve field sampling, sensor deployment and lab analysis of the carbonate parameters. Job responsibilities on computational analysis will include analysis of high-resolution, 3D physical and carbonate chemistry model output of the US Northeast Shelf Ecosystem, development of statistical downscaling approaches for global climate model output using both traditional and machine learning tools, organizing and managing carbonate system data, and summarizing acquired data. Job responsibilities for field sampling and measurements may include working as a team member to collect discrete bottle samples of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), total, alkalinity (TA), and pH, deploy a new DIC-pH in situ sensor in coastal waters and controlled experiments to study impacts of Ocean Acidification. Both computational and field components of the job may involve data synthesis and preparing material for research papers and presentations. The ideal candidate will have proficiency in MATLAB, Python, or R, and possibly experience with high-performance computing, as well as experiences with seawater carbonate chemistry. Other desirable experience includes familiarity with in situ sensors and environmental sampling of chemical species (e.g. carbonate and nutrient chemistry), and experience with GitHub.

Research in the Wang lab at WHOI aims to better understand the marine/aquatic CO2 system. Specifically, we study ocean acidification, the inorganic carbon cycle in marine and other aquatic systems, and CO2 fluxes across the air-sea interface by developing and deploying cutting-edge in-situ sensors to measure COsystem parameters, including dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), pH, partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2), and alkalinity. The technician will be mentored by both Z. Aleck Wang (Associate Scientist, MC&G) and Jennie Rheuban (Research Specialist, MC&G), and the technician will be a full and participating member of the lab group. The technician will have the opportunity to lead the preparation of manuscripts should they desire (though this is not required). 

Essential Functions

  • Development and troubleshooting of analyses of large datasets
  • Data visualization and analysis in MATLAB, Python or R
  • Data management, curation, and archiving
  • Understanding of carbonate chemistry
  • Good troubleshooting skills, effective time management, attention to detail, ability to work independently
  • Good writing skills  

Education & Experience

The successful candidate will have demonstrated initial competence in one or more specialized areas of science or research support. The opportunity exists for assumption of increased technical and/or managerial responsibilities based on the continued development of expertise. While there is no time limit to appointment at this rank, promotion within the Technical Staff is expected. To that end, promotion consideration can occur as early as the third year in rank; formal consideration should normally occur within five or six years in rank.

Master’s degree in a specifically related field with minimal relevant experience, or Bachelor’s degree in a related field with several years of relevant experience

Other experience could include:

  • Working with and setting up analyses on high performance computing systems
  • Laboratory skills in carbonate chemistry sample analysis
  • Field experiences with environmental sampling and sensors

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Sustainable development goal 14: life below water

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14Footnote1 aims to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources. It recognizes that the health of oceans and seas directly affects:

  • rainwater
  • drinking water
  • weather
  • climate
  • coastlines
  • much of our food
  • the oxygen in our air

SDG 14 aims for results such as:

  • significantly reduced marine pollution
  • more sustainable management, protection and conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems
  • an end to overfishing and ghost gear

Canadian ambition under Life below water

Canada’s ambition for his goal is to protect and conserve marine areas and sustainably manages ocean fish stocks. With the world’s longest coastline, SDG 14 is highly relevant to Canada. Changing ocean conditions are already directly affecting communities along our Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic coasts, including Indigenous communities. These include, rising sea levels, increasing temperatures, ocean acidification, and thinning sea ice. The Government of Canada has placed a high priority on conserving and protecting the oceans and ensuring sustainable fisheries.

The national targets are:

  • to conserve 25% of Canada’s oceans by 2025, and 30% by 2030
  • for key fishFootnote2 and invertebrate stocks to be managed and harvested at levels considered to be sustainable by 2023, from a baseline of 96% in 2016

What are we doing to improve life below water in Canada

Canada continues to make progress on marine conservation. Budget 2021 included $976.8 million towards the goal of conserving 25 per cent of Canada’s oceans by 2025, and 30 per cent by 2030. These targets will be achieved through the establishment of marine protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, including marine refuges. This builds on Canada’s success in exceeding its commitment to conserve 10 per cent of its marine and coastal areas by 2020. As of the end of 2020, 13.8 per cent of Canada’s coastal and marine areas were recognized as conserved through a network of marine protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures.

The Government of Canada conducts ocean monitoring to assess the state of coastal and offshore waters. This aims to better understand and predict the future state of Canada’s oceans. Canada works with domestic and international partners, particularly the United States, to coordinate ocean acidification observing and monitoring activities.

What Canada is doing to improve life below water abroad

The Government of Canada is addressing marine pollution by spearheading the Ocean Plastics Charter. The Charter is the only global framework that takes a comprehensive life-cycle approach to addressing marine plastic pollution. The Charter addresses plastic waste in developing countries, sparks innovation to beat plastic pollution, and supports innovative private-public partnerships. Canada’s funding includes $69 million through the World Bank for an international fund to address plastic waste in developing countries, and investments in made-in-Canada innovative approaches and technologies that help to stop the flow of plastics to the oceans.

The federal government works to protect marine and coastal ecosystems through involvement in international activities such as the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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Ocean acidification: an action plan for a neglected problem

Time is running out to avoid the worst impacts of ocean acidification on marine life, livelihoods and economies. A climate-change impact on the ocean, alongside warming seas and deoxygenation, ocean acidification is belatedly finding its way onto the global climate and ocean agendas, even as the gravity of its impact on ocean health and on the stability of the ocean as a vital earth system remains underappreciated.

A Back to Blue roundtable discussion at the World Ocean Summit Asia-Pacific, led by Charles Goddard, editorial director at Economist Impact and supported by the Nippon Foundation, explored the state of the science on ocean acidification and the most promising approaches to remediation. The key takeaways from the session were as follows:

The science is clear: the ocean is becoming more acidic, threatening marine life and health, and undermining the planet’s ability to fight climate change

The ocean absorbs around one-third of the carbon dioxide produced by humans; the absorbed carbon dioxide then reacts with seawater to create carbonic acid, resulting in an increase in the acidity of the ocean. The open ocean is 40% more acidic than before the industrial revolution.

This is weakening the ability of marine organisms that rely on calcium carbonate to build their shells and skeletons. Marine organisms also have to use more energy to deal with environmental stresses, as energy is drawn away from growth and reproduction, threatening species sustainability. Evidence also shows that acidification is more variable and extreme in coastal areas due to the interactions with rivers and the seabed. This is worrying because coastal areas are where human interactions with oceans and goods and services provided are more heavily relied on.

Rapid action to redress acidification is needed, but geoengineering approaches need to be carefully tested before being conducted at scale.

A rapid reduction in carbon emissions is clearly a priority to protect our ocean from further harm, but carbon dioxide removal techniques should also be explored in earnest to offer a faster, more scalable route. These range from nature-based solutions such as restoring or nurturing mangroves which increase alkalinity to more radical approaches like ocean iron fertilisation, a technique based on the theory that stimulating phytoplankton growth with iron increases atmospheric carbon absorption into the ocean, as part of the biological pump system. Such projects are now already underway, having been more theoretical in the past, but there is no global discussion about what techniques are acceptable and who controls implementation.

Ocean acidification needs to be made relevant at the local level.

Ocean acidification is not well-understood, in layman’s terms, at the local community level. In geographies where scientific capacity is limited, citizen science and participation is key. In the Maldives, experts actively engage with fishers and communities to guide them on what to look out for, and on activities they should and should not engage in at specific times, like dredging. Acidification needs to be framed in relevant ways, like the dissolution of coral reefs which impacts fisheries and tourism, which would gain more attention from those who use the ocean daily.

Vulnerable countries need funding for regulation and monitoring and to build capacity to lead the science

Geopolitical factors and regional engagement are crucial to a well-coordinated response to ocean health, as actions at individual nation level are undermined by lower standards elsewhere. The Maldives has among the most sustainable tuna fishing industries in the world, using pole and line approaches, but this is a migratory species and if there are nearby trawlers, the country’s efforts are diluted. Several speakers said there was a need for more public funding and support, and crucially, efforts to help countries generate the science, knowledge and evidence they need on ocean sustainability, rather than relying on academic researchers in the global North.

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Specialists in marine ecology (ongoing pool) – Job #JPF01199

POSITION OVERVIEW

Position title: Specialists in Marine Ecology (Junior Specialist- Assistant Specialist, determined by qualifications and experience).

Salary range: Commensurate with qualifications and experience.

Percent time: Variable, 50%-100% time.

Anticipated start: As soon as possible after initial review of the applications. This recruitment is valid for initial appointments effective March 2022 through March 2023. Initial appointments with effective dates outside of this recruitment period will require an alternative open recruitment.

Position duration: Initial appointment will be for two-months to one year, contingent upon the work and availability of funding. Should the hiring unit propose reappointment; a review to assess performance will be conducted. Reappointment is also contingent upon the availability of funding and work.

APPLICATION WINDOW

Open January 14, 2022 through Friday, Jan 13, 2023 at 11:59pm (Pacific Time)

If you apply to this recruitment by January 13, 2023, you will have until January 27, 2023 to complete your application.

POSITION DESCRIPTION

The Kroeker Lab at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) invites applications for an ongoing pool of specialists in marine ecology. Under the direction of Associate Professor Kristy Kroeker, specialists will participate in research of kelp forest ecology, estuarine and intertidal ecology, and global change biology. Research will be conducted in Santa Cruz, California and in Sitka, Alaska.

Responsibilities include organizing logistics for local and remote field missions; performing SCUBA based sampling; deploying and maintaining oceanographic equipment and sensors; maintaining small boats and vehicles; analyzing chemical and biological samples using standard operating procedures, including wet chemistry methods for carbonate chemistry; maintaining flow-through seawater mesocosm systems that allow for control of temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen; and database management.

Given the nature of the position, the specialists must successfully work independently and as part of a team, and they must consistently demonstrate strong interpersonal, communication, and decision-making skills. SCUBA diving is an essential function of this job.

Applicants with experience in the following areas are strongly encouraged to apply: ocean acidification and chemical oceanographic field research; carbonate chemistry lab work; cold water diving and/or dry suit diving; certification and experience operating small vessels in coastal waters.

The campus is especially interested in candidates who can contribute to the diversity and excellence of the academic community through their assigned duties.

SPECIAL CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT

  1. Specialists must be able to travel to the island of Sitka, Alaska and comply with all travel requirements that are in place at that time. The Kroeker Lab conducts field research in Sitka, Alaska for one to two months during the winter and two months during the summer.
  2. Selected candidates must comply with the University of California SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccination Program Policy (details are provided at the end of this posting) as well as the COVID-19 vaccination requirements of our partner organization, the Sitka Sound Science Center (see the center’s policy at https://drive.google.com/file/d/13Jk17zSrfZUh74VUbEaXteZ9B-RNR8YP/view?usp=sharing).
  3. Selected candidates must travel and work in remote locations (field sites) for prolonged periods of time (anywhere from one to two weeks or one to six months) and must be able to adapt to a flexible and demanding field schedule (including some evenings and weekends). Fieldwork may require camping as well as working in the early morning hours and in cold and adverse weather conditions.
  4. Selected candidates must be physically capable of carrying 50 pounds of field equipment to and from field sites, hike in rocky and uneven terrain, and be able to bend and kneel for long periods of time in the field.
  5. AAUS Scientific Diving Certification: Selected candidates must provide a letter of reciprocity (LOR) from a participating AAUS institution certifying qualification as a Scientific Research Diver prior to employment.
  6. Selected candidates must be able to work in small teams on small and/or large vessels.
  7. Selected candidates must be able to use microscopes and computers for extended periods of time.

The hiring unit will not sponsor employment-eligible immigration statuses for this position.

Kroeker Labhttp://kristy-kroeker.squarespace.com/

Sitka Sound Science Centerhttps://sitkascience.org/

QUALIFICATIONS

Basic qualifications (required at time of application)

  • A minimum of one year of experience conducting field research (experience can be obtained while completing bachelor’s degree).
  • Experience conducting subtidal research in kelp forest ecosystems.
  • Experience using Windows, Microsoft Office Suite, and data-analysis programs, such as R.

Additional qualifications

  • Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent foreign degree) in ecology or related field.

APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS

Document requirements

  • Curriculum Vitae – Your most recently updated C.V., which must include the names and contact information for a minimum of three professional references. The search committee will contact the references of those applicants who are under serious consideration
  • Cover Letter – Briefly summarize (in 500 words or less), your interest in the position and how you meet the advertised qualifications. Additionally, your letter must include a statement confirming that you agree to all of the special conditions of employment.
  • Statement of Contributions to Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion – Statement addressing your understanding of the barriers facing traditionally underrepresented groups and your past and/or future contributions to diversity, equity, and inclusion through professional or public service. Candidates are urged to review guidelines on statements (see https://apo.ucsc.edu/diversity.html) before preparing their application.

Apply link: https://recruit.ucsc.edu/JPF01199

Help contact: szak@ucsc.edu

Continue reading ‘Specialists in marine ecology (ongoing pool) – Job #JPF01199’

FIU Jewish Museum presents environmental art: Fragile Beauty

Fragile Beauty explores the powerful allure of nature alongside its delicate state today. Featuring site-specific installations by Beatriz Chachamovits, Mira Lehr, and Lauren Shapiro, the exhibition brings together works by local Miami artists that reflect on climate change and human impact on our oceans, coral reefs, and rapidly shifting environment. 

Working across installation and performance, Chachamovits’ draws attention to the effects of ocean acidification in her ephemeral installations of unfired clay sculptures submerged in water. Along with extreme temperature fluctuations, ocean acidification can cause coral reefs to dissolve and disintegrate, significantly impacting reefs across Florida. The resulting works, when activated, expose the public to different stages of ocean acidification and its effects on coral. 

Shapiro’s practice too experiments with art’s possibility to affect change and cultivate a broad awareness of our environment. Working alongside ecologists to understand and narrate nature, Shapiro merges craft, science and technology to document disappearing ecosystems as sculptural ceramic archives.

Whereas Chachamovits and Shapiro consider environmental threats to marine ecosystems, Lehr’s immersive installations pay homage to mangrove trees, which protect coastlines against hurricanes and serve as nurseries for aquatic life. Threatened by rising sea levels, urban development, and human activities, mangroves in Florida, while protected by law, continue to fall victim to deforestation.

Utilizing different media to convey the elegance of our aquatic ecosystems and cultivate a broad awareness of their delicacy, the participating artists draw attention to the environmental challenges we face in Florida and the actions we can take to reverse them. Fragile Beauty is a celebration of nature, yet at the same time a call for awareness and action to preserve it for generations to come.

Details

Date: January 4

Website: https://jmof.fiu.edu/exhibitions-events/exhibitions/environmental-art-fragile-beauty/index.html

Venue

Florida International University-Jewish Museum of Florida

301 Washington Avenue
Miami Beach, FL 33139 United States

Phone:786.972.3176

Website: https://jmof.fiu.edu/

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Postdoctoral fellow – Computational biology (marine science)

Department: Baliga

Location:Seattle: WA

The Baliga group at the Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) is seeking enthusiastic Postdoctoral Fellow candidates in computational biology or related fields to study how long-term environmental changes like ocean warming or acidification will affect the resilience of coral species and key microscopic phytoplankton like diatoms. The Baliga group develops computational approaches to decipher the regulatory landscape of ecologically important organisms using next-generation sequencing data and dynamical experimental approaches.

Qualifications:

Successful applicants will get to work in a vibrant interdisciplinary team of microbiologists, molecular biologists, computational biologists, and data scientists to investigate foundational questions in microbial ecology by advancing tools and technologies for systems analysis of microbial community behavior. The Baliga lab values creative scientists with cross-disciplinary training and demonstrated the ability to work independently and as a part of a team. Candidates with a Ph.D. in computational biology, machine learning, systems biology or bioinformatics, or a related field are preferred. Strong analytical, programming, and communication skills are essential. Additional experience in building biological network models including the design and implementation of algorithms applied to the analysis of biological data is a plus. Experience with common bioinformatics methods, tools, websites, and data resources is important, in particular, high-throughput data analysis tools and techniques, statistical analysis, genomic, transcriptomic, and metabolomic analysis are preferred.

Focus Areas:

There are two funded cross-cutting projects to understand the gene regulatory and metabolic mechanisms by which:

1. Coral species and their associated symbionts have evolved varying thermal tolerance strategies to warming oceans at different reefs across the globe.

2. Diatoms, key primary producers in many marine ecosystems, can shift their regulatory landscape and alter their resilience in acidifying oceans.

Applicants should include a brief (1-2 paragraph) statement summarizing their prior research, future plans, and their desired research focus area as they pertain to this position.

ISB is an affirmative action and equal opportunity employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, national origin, age, protected veteran or disabled status, or genetic information.

Pay Range:

ISB pays postdoctoral fellows on a scale based upon experience: $65,478 – $91,711 annually

Benefits:

Benefits · Institute for Systems Biology (isbscience.org)

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Gregarious larval settlement mediates the responses of new recruits of the reef coral Acropora austera to ocean warming and acidification

Gregarious larval settlement represents an important window for chimera formation in reef corals, yet it remains largely unknown how aggregated settlement and early chimerism could modify the performance and responses of coral recruits under elevated temperature and pCO2. In this study, single and aggregated recruits of the broadcast spawning coral Acropora austera were exposed to contrasts of two temperatures (28 versus 30.5°C) and pCO2 levels (~500 versus 1000 μatm) for two weeks, and algal symbiont infection success, survivorship and growth were assessed. Results showed that symbiont infection success was mainly affected by temperature and recruit type, with reduced symbiont infection at increased temperature and consistently higher infection success in chimeric recruits compared to single recruits. Furthermore, although chimeric recruits with larger areal size had significantly higher survivorship in all treatments, the polyp-specific growth rates were considerably lower in chimeric entities than individual recruits. More importantly, the recruit type significantly influenced the responses of recruit polyp-specific growth rates to elevated temperature, with chimeras exhibiting lowered skeletal lateral growth under elevated temperature. These results demonstrate the benefits and costs associated with gregarious larval settlement for juvenile corals under ocean warming and acidification, and highlight the ecological role of larval settlement behavior in mediating the responses of coral recruits to climate change stressors.

Continue reading ‘Gregarious larval settlement mediates the responses of new recruits of the reef coral Acropora austera to ocean warming and acidification’

An interactive planetary boundaries systems thinking learning tool to integrate sustainability into the chemistry curriculum

Sustainability has a molecular basis that suggests a central role for chemistry in addressing today’s challenges to Earth and societal systems, and this role requires educators to see chemical reactions and processes as integral parts of dynamic and interconnected systems. Despite this prospect, few accessible resources are available for students and educators to facilitate systems thinking in chemistry for sustainability. We have developed an interactive digital learning tool (https://planetaryboundaries.kcvs.ca) based on the Planetary Boundaries framework, which uses interactive visualizations to help users better understand Earth system sustainability challenges and helps chemists and educators connect substances, reactions, and chemistry concepts to sustainability science. The tool highlights the fundamental role that chemistry plays in regulating the individual biophysical Earth system processes and in determining their control variables. It incorporates key features of a systems thinking framework by illustrating the dynamic interconnections among the processes and their control variables and demonstrates change of the Earth system over time. Finally, the interactive tool provides educators with accessible entry points to support the integration of chemistry curriculum content with sustainability considerations.

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Exposure to global change and microplastics elicits an immune response in an endangered coral

Global change is increasing seawater temperatures and decreasing oceanic pH, driving declines of coral reefs globally. Coral ecosystems are also impacted by local stressors, including microplastics, which are ubiquitous on reefs. While the independent effects of these global and local stressors are well-documented, their interactions remain less explored. Here, we examine the independent and combined effects of global change (ocean warming and acidification) and microplastics exposures on gene expression (GE) and microbial community composition in the endangered coral Acropora cervicornis. Nine genotypes were fragmented and maintained in one of four experimental treatments: 1) ambient conditions (ambient seawater, no microplastics; AMB); 2) microplastics treatment (ambient seawater, microplastics; MP); 3) global change conditions (warm and acidic conditions, no microplastics; OAW); and 4) multistressor treatment (warm and acidic conditions with microplastics; OAW+MP) for 22 days, after which corals were sampled for genome-wide GE profiling and ITS and 16S metabarcoding. Overall A. cervicornis GE responses to all treatments were subtle; however, corals in the multistressor treatment exhibited the strongest GE responses, and genes associated with innate immunity were overrepresented in this treatment, according to gene ontology enrichment analyses. 16S analyses revealed stable microbiomes dominated by the bacterial associate Aquarickettsia, suggesting that these A. cervicornis fragments exhibited remarkably low variability in bacterial community composition. Future work should focus on functional differences across microbiomes, especially Aquarickettsia and viruses, in these responses. Overall, results suggest that local stressors present a unique challenge to endangered coral species under global change.

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Ocean acidification research for sustainability: co-designing global action on local scales

The global threat that ocean acidification poses to marine ecosystems has been recognized by the UN 2030 Agenda under Sustainable Development Goal, Target 14.3: to reduce ocean acidification. The Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) is a collaborative international network to detect and understand the drivers of ocean acidification in estuarine-coastal-open ocean environments, the resulting impacts on marine ecosystems, and to make the information available to optimize modelling studies. The Ocean Acidification Research for Sustainability (OARS) programme, endorsed by the 2021–2030 UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, will build on the work of GOA-ON through its seven Decade Action Outcomes. By employing a Theory of Change framework, and with the co-design of science in mind, OARS will develop an implementation plan for each Decade Action Outcome, which will identify the stakeholders and rights-holders, as well as the tools, means, and positive consequences required for their successful delivery. The organizational structure of GOA-ON, with nine regional hubs, will benefit OARS by providing a vital connection between local and global scales. GOA-ON regional hub case-studies illustrate how activities in the past and future, informed by global and regional priorities, support capacity building and the co-design of ocean acidification science.

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Aquaculture Europe 22

Date: 27-30 September 2022

Location: Rimini, Italy

The issues of compatibility and mutual synergy between the users of marine, brackish and freshwater resources and their relationship with the quality of those ecosystems are central in promoting the sustainable development of the Blue economy and aquaculture.

Traditional and emerging Blue economy sectors, currently operating in the Adriatic, Mediterranean and water bodies throughout Europe, are expected to grow and expand over the next years and to sustainably contribute to food production, biofuel and clean energy.

Nevertheless, scientific literature provides clear evidence that, according to current trends and within 10 years, our coastal and marine environment will change for sea acidification and warming, sea-level rise and coastal erosion and all water bodies will be affected by flooding, eutrophication and pollution, with important effects on ecosystem services, fish and shellfish stocks and food security.

Plenary 1. Wednesday, September 28 09:00 – Climate change and aquaculture

An overview of the short term scenarios of how climate changes will affect temperature, sea level, severe weather, flooding, erosion, acidification for the Med and Adriatic. Followed by specific aquaculture climate impacts and challenges – with case studies of iconic fish and shellfish species.

Speakers:

  • Nadia Pinardi, Departament of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna
  • Mariana Mata Lara, Geonardo Environmental Technologies

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Job opportunity: associate scientist, MPAs and climate change (job # 1789)

Location: Santa Barbara, CA, United States

To apply for this position please submit a resume and cover letter.

Application Deadline: September 30, 2022 (11:49 PM EST) 

Apply Now

Conservation International protects nature for the benefit of humanity. Through science, policy, fieldwork, and finance, we spotlight and secure the most important places in nature for the climate, biodiversity, and for people. With offices in 30 countries and projects in more than 100 countries, Conservation International partners with governments, companies, civil society, Indigenous peoples, and local communities to help people and nature thrive together.

POSITION SUMMARY

Science manager– Marine Protected Areas and Climate Change Community of Practice

Research scientist with an advanced degree in marine biology or related field to build a community of practice of MPA managers and stakeholders in an era of rapid climate change, with special emphasis on coordination, communications outreach, and contribution to research in MPA theory and practice.

Position Objective: Build a Community of Practice for MPA managers and planners dealing with climate change and contribute to climate change and marine conservation research. Disseminate cutting-edge research on MPA planning and management for resilience to climate change and connect ocean management stakeholders around the world.

The position addresses fundamental challenges associated with the need to build communities of practice for climate change in conservation communities dealing with ocean biodiversity conservation as ecosystems and species move in response to climate change (including ocean acidification). The position will implement and refine a strategy for building a community of practice in MPAs and climate change and conduct research on program thematic focal areas under the guidance of the lead scientist for CI’s MPAs and climate change initiative.

24-month appointment with the possibility for renewal.

RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Design and build a community of practice in MPAs and climate change (reserve managers, including diverse stakeholders).
  • Conduct research on Marine Protected Areas and climate change.
  • Coordinate outreach and communications efforts related to MPAs and climate change.
  • Lead climate assessments and site engagements to guide planning and management for climate-smart MPAs.
  • Contribute to marine climate change research team in focal regions, with the potential to lead research into possible climate change impacts on MPAs and planning/management solutions to the challenges identified.
  • Other duties as assigned by supervisor.

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Review predicts big climate change impact on some marine mammals

A new DOC report predicts that climate change could have a major impact on some of New Zealand’s marine mammals.

Read the report

Co-authored by Jim Roberts, Anemone Consultants, and Hannah Hendriks, DOC’s Marine Technical Advisor, the research paper examines climate change in relation to marine mammals’ habitat, distribution, food sources and predators.

It looked at how specific climate change hazards, such as increasing sea temperatures, rising sea levels, changes in ocean circulation and effects on prey species, would impact marine mammals around New Zealand.

The report identifies changes in food supply as the biggest threat to marine mammals in New Zealand waters.  

“This is likely to impact populations including kekeno/New Zealand fur seal in the Westland region and blue whales foraging at the South Taranaki Bight,” says Hannah Hendriks.

“Māui dolphins also appear vulnerable, based on their location at the warm end of the species’ range and an apparent low availability of prey species.”

Projected changes to the New Zealand environment include sea surface temperatures rising more than 3oC, changes in atmospheric climate and oceanographic circulation, rising sea levels, and widespread ocean acidification.  

“As a result, it is possible species normally living in warmer subtropical waters like the dense-beaked whale, dwarf sperm whale, pan-tropical spotted dolphin, short-finned pilot whale and pygmy killer whale, will become more common around New Zealand, and potentially outcompeting some of the marine mammals we currently see,” says Hannah.

“Similarly, species that live in cooler subantarctic waters could become sparser around New Zealand as they move south.”

This review shows changes to the environment won’t be felt equally in all parts of New Zealand.

Department of Conservation: The Papa Atawbai, 16 September 2022. Press release.

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UNESCO job opportunity: individual consultant to develop an integrated coral reef monitoring manual for MPA in Vietnam

Duty Station: Bangkok

Duration of contract: From 7 to 11 months

Application Deadline (Midnight Paris Time): 23-SEP-2022

Apply now

1. Background and Rationale

The United Nations has proclaimed a Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) to support efforts to reverse the cycle of decline in ocean health and gather ocean stakeholders worldwide behind a common framework that will ensure ocean science can fully support countries in creating improved conditions for sustainable development of the Ocean. The Ocean Decade calls for Decade Actions from diverse stakeholders.

The UNESCO/IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC) is the regional body of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC/UNESCO) for the Western Pacific and its adjacent areas. Its mission is to advance ocean knowledge in order to assist Member States in the conservation and sustainable development of ocean, seas and marine resources. Meanwhile, The Sub-Commission WESTPAC also assists the IOC to coordinate regional engagement in the UN Ocean Decade.

The Vietnam MPA network has been formed since 2010, following the Prime Minister Decree. Till present  a total of 12 MPAs have been established, with most of them focused on coral reefs habitats. Coral reef monitoring has been conducted in a number of MPAs in Vietnam, using indicators of ReefCheck and Line Intercept Transect (LIT) methods. Periodical data were provided to ReefCheck International database and used for periodical reports on coral reef status by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN). Monitoring data was also used to evaluate management effectiveness in some MPAs such as Nha Trang Bay, Cu lao Cham or National Parks (Con Dao, Phú Quoc). 

Given the fact that monitoring programs in the past mainly focused on ecological indicators, MPA authorities have no data and information to assess the MPA management effectiveness in supporting fisheries recruitment and tourist services. In addition, emerging issues such as ocean acidification, plastic and microplastic, have been generating negative impacts on coral reef, but have not been considered in any monitoring programs. Furthermore, recent monitoring seems not to be sufficient to record coral bleaching which occurred frequently and remain unpredicted. 

2. Key Duties and Responsibilities

Under the overall authority of the Director of the UNESCO Regional Bureau for the Asia and Pacific, and the direct supervision of the Head of the WESTPAC Office, the incumbent shall carry out desktop studies, field work, stakeholder consultation, and develop partnerships with relevant institutions, including:

a. Review monitoring techniques which were applied for coral reefs in the Western Pacific, and more specifically in Vietnam, including their socio-economic aspects;

b. Conduct site visits in at least 2 selected MPAs, analyze status in using coral reef resources for fisheries and tourism as well as monitoring requirements, identify appropriate methods for monitoring socio-economic indicators and emerging issues;

c. Contact (online) MPA authorities in Vietnam, analyze monitoring requirements, and identify their existing monitoring capacity;

d. Develop and publish an integrated coral reef monitoring manual for MPAs in Vietnam, taking into account the conventional monitoring methods and emerging requirements for understanding the impacts of ocean acidification, marine plastic debris, including their socio-economic aspects;

e. Conduct demonstration workshop (s) for MPAs in Vietnam, and assist in the establishment of needed monitoring capacity;

f. Prepare and produce various reports associated with the Specific Tasks outlined above;

Continue reading ‘UNESCO job opportunity: individual consultant to develop an integrated coral reef monitoring manual for MPA in Vietnam’

Workshop: ecosystem science & modeling

Date: 24 September 2022

Time: 2:00 – 3:30 pm

Location: Oso Bay Wetlands Preserve and Learning Center – 2446 N. Oso Parkway – Corpus Christi, Texas 78414

Registration

JOIN THE HARTE RESEARCH INSTITUTE AT THE OSO BAY WETLANDS PRESERVE FOR A WETLANDS WORKSHOP!

HRI’s Ecosystem Science & Modeling Lab investigates environmental changes in coastal and estuarine ecosystems due to climate change and human activities.  In this presentation and exercise, Dr. Xinping Hu will discuss ocean acidification and how it affects global marine species. 

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A summer with abalone and research

An image of the experimental set up for the dulce raised in different temperatures. Water comes in from the bottom and moves out through pipe at the top. This container has the smaller of the two abalone sizes.

Kordi Kokott is a biology student who recently graduated from the SRJC with an Associates in biology. She’s moving on to become a student at UC Davis to get her bachelor’s in biotechnology. She was an intern at the Bodega Marine Lab in the summer of 2022 and was mentored by Sara Boles.


This summer, I actually got to work on two different experiments – one where I helped to set up an experiment, and one where I analyzed data. The first experiment was a nutritional analysis – examining how dulce cultivated at different temperatures would affect the growth and health of two different ages of juvenile abalone. The other experiment I worked on was examining the transgenerational effects of ocean acidification on abalone. For this experiment, I came in as it was almost finished and simply did data analysis.

For the first experiment I helped to set it up, since the actual experiment would run much longer than my stay at the BML. Throughout the time that I spent setting up this experiment I learned a lot about the process behind the science. Making an experiment isn’t necessarily a straightforward process, where you simply have an idea and then execute it. Oftentimes, there are twists and turns along the way. We started out using one container, and then switched to another kind that would work better. We didn’t have the right size of mesh at first, so we had to go out and find some. Our small abalone kept dying, so we had to get a new shipment of them so that it wouldn’t present a confounding factor. All of this happened but still, the experiment went on, because we found ways to solve them. I was able to learn how essential the ability to be flexible and innovative is to science, and that kind of hands-on experience is priceless to a budding scientist.

For the second experiment – I had another unique experience: I processed data. Essentially, I examined abalone in photos that had been taken previously and found the area and length of their shell. I didn’t actually do much with this data – my mentor is the one that created figures and the one that did all the real work analyzing it. All I did was draw circles and lines on the screen with a computer mouse. It was boring, tedious, and time consuming – but it was also essential. Examining shell length and size of 495 abalone (yes, I counted) showed me something else about science – it might not always be exciting, but without the somewhat tedious parts, you never can reach any conclusions. 

Throughout my summer journey at the bodega marine lab, I got to see all sides of science and research. I got to do hands on work, see an experiment get started, and I got to hold an abalone (which was a pretty cool experience). Overall, my time at the BML was in a word, amazing. I feel like I really contributed to something, and my understanding of the scientific process is much broader than it used to be.

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Basic training course on multiple stressors and ocean acidification

Date: 24 October – 4 November 2022

Location: The event will be held at the IAEA Marine Environment Laboratories in Monaco.

Deadline for applications: 12 September 2022

Introduction: The basic training course on multiple stressors will be based on previous courses on ocean acidification held as part of the activities of the IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative project “Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre” (OA-ICC) and partners.

Objectives: Human health and well-being are closely linked to the ocean and the many goods and services it provides. However, the ocean is under cumulative stress from a range of human-driven pressures. The impact of multiple ocean stressors together and their interplay on marine life and ecosystem function is not well understood, yet it is central to mitigate the negative effects they cause and/or to support adaptation strategies that might counteract stressors. To date, studies often focus on single species or groups of organisms and the influence of a single stressor, while information about ecosystem responses to multiple stressors is limited. Innovative science is needed to resolve the complexity of the interplay of stressors and the resulting impacts. The aim of this course is to train early-career scientists and researchers entering the multiple stressor field with the goal to better understand key concepts (e.g. What is a stressor? What is a mode of action? What is an interaction?), assist them to be able to measure and manipulate seawater physico-chemistry, develop relevant experimental strategies, set up pertinent experiments in the laboratory and in the field, avoid typical pitfalls and ensure comparability with other studies, in a sustainable way.

Target audience: The course is open to 12 trainees. Priority will be given to early-career scientists with experience in marine environmental changes. At least one publication in the field of marine environmental changes is required.

Working language(s): English

Expected outputs: Increased capacity to measure and study multiple stressors and increased networking among scientists working on ocean acidification. Initiate/deepen connections with international networks such as the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON; http://www.goa-on.org). Participants will also work on personal projects, developing strategies for their own research and a data-based project using data resources from the OA-ICC.

Structure: The training will include lectures in plenary, guest lectures and hands-on experiments in smaller groups (the level will depend on the basic knowledge of the selected participants). Subjects to be covered include theoretical aspects of multiple stressor research, how to identify relevant scientific questions, best practices for seawater physico-chemistry characterization, experimental strategies and design, lab and field-based methods for measuring organism responses to multiple stressors, including nuclear and isotopic techniques, and data analysis, processing, and modeling.

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Pelagic calcifiers face increased mortality and habitat loss with warming and ocean acidification

Global change is impacting the oceans in an unprecedented way, and multiple lines of evidence suggest that species distributions are changing in space and time. There is increasing evidence that multiple environmental stressors act together to constrain species habitat more than expected from warming alone. Here, we conducted a comprehensive study of how temperature and aragonite saturation state act together to limit Limacina helicina, globally distributed pteropods that are ecologically important pelagic calcifiers and an indicator species for ocean change. We co-validated three different approaches to evaluate the impact of ocean warming and acidification (OWA) on the survival and distribution of this species in the California Current Ecosystem. First, we used colocated physical, chemical, and biological data from three large-scale west coast cruises and regional time series; second, we conducted multifactorial experimental incubations to evaluate how OWA impacts pteropod survival; and third, we validated the relationships we found against global distributions of pteropods and carbonate chemistry. OWA experimental work revealed mortality increases under OWA, while regional habitat suitability indices and global distributions of L. helicina suggest that a multi-stressor framework is essential for understanding pteropod distributions. In California Current Ecosystem habitats, where pteropods are living close to their thermal maximum already, additional warming and acidification through unabated fossil fuel emissions (RCP 8.5) are expected to dramatically reduce habitat suitability.

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Job opportunity: assistant professor, biology, global change ecology (517800)

Deadline for application: 15 October 2022

Job Description:

San Francisco State University, Department of Biology invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Global Change Ecology to begin August 2023. We seek applicants conducting research in Global Change Ecology, broadly defined (e.g., climate change, biodiversity loss, land use change, invasive species). We welcome scientists developing an externally funded research program towards a comprehensive and holistic understanding of the effects and consequences of global change on ecological systems, biosphere-atmosphere interactions, and coupled natural-human systems across temporal and spatial scales. Research foci may include nature-based adaptation solutions to reduce the causes and impacts of global change (e.g., sea level rise, carbon emissions, fire, ocean acidification, nutrient pollution, hypoxia, etc.). We are open to all research approaches, including experimental field-based research, computational or mathematical modeling, and/or machine learning within the context of natural communities or at the urban/natural ecosystem interface. The successful candidate may also address how social justice and incorporating traditional ecological knowledge fits into understanding and addressing global change through research or outreach. We are especially interested in qualified candidates who can contribute to the excellence and diversity of the SFSU academic community by working on important and relevant research areas, whose teaching and research engages our diverse student body and improves their academic success, and whose service is meaningful to our institution as well as the broader community.

Responsibilities

The position requires both graduate and undergraduate teaching in biology. Curricular contributions could include Introductory Biology, Climate change, Evolution, Ecology, Research Design and Data Analysis, and specialty courses in the candidate’s area of research focus at the undergraduate and graduate level. In addition, the successful candidate will be required to engage, mentor, and advise undergraduate and master’s students in directed research. The successful candidate is also expected to continue an active, externally-funded research program in their area of expertise, and to participate in committee and service assignments at the department and university level, and to their professional community.

Qualifications

Required

  • Ph.D. or equivalent doctoral degree and post-doctoral experience in a biology or biology-related field are required.
  • Record of scientific and mentorship accomplishments in biology and global change ecology.
  • Evidence of working and communicating effectively with colleagues and students.

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