Archive for the 'Program' Category

A surface ocean CO2 monitoring strategy

Catalyse and facilitate the development of an internationally-agreed strategy for monitoring surface ocean CO2 globally and build on existing observing programmes, data management structures, and coordination bodies to create a global surface monitoring CO2 network capable of responding to the needs of global and regional policy drivers including the UNFCCC Global Stocktake. This activity contributes to G7 FSOI Action Areas 1, 3, and 4.

The G7 FSOI Coordination Centre will provide support for the GOOS Biogeochemistry Panel and build on existing international groups SOCONET and SOCAT to:

  • Develop an internationally-agreed observing strategy required to determine net ocean- atmosphere fluxes to an accuracy of 10% or better regionally and globally, and to monitor global ocean acidification, building on existing infrastructures and making best use of the combination of in situ observing platforms, satellite data, and models to fill gaps.
  • Develop international agreements on the system components required to support the observing network, including data management and global coordination support.
  • Develop a roadmap, phased-implementation plan, and budget requirements by the end of 2022 for a sustained surface ocean COmonitoring system, with the goal of establishing a fully functional system for the 2nd Global Stocktake of the UNFCCC in 2028.
  • Work with international partners to reach agreements on coordinated contributions and investments to implement the full fit-for-purpose observing system, including coastal areas, regional seas, and regional hubs (e.g., GOA-ON) and coordination support, by 2028.
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UN Ocean Decade endorses several AOML collaborative initiatives

In 2017, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the time frame of 2021-2030 as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, also known as the “Ocean Decade,” to address the degradation of the ocean and encourage innovative science initiatives to better understand and ultimately reverse its declining health. 

Several collaborative initiatives featuring work by scientists at NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) have recently been endorsed in the first Ocean Decade Actions announcement, made by the United Nations Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in 2021. 

Scientists at AOML are collaborating with national and international partners and stakeholders to carry out research that supports the vision of the UN Ocean Decade through initiatives such as the Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS), the Ocean Biomolecular Observing Network (OBON), the Global Ocean Biogeochemistry Array (GO-BGC), and the Ocean Acidification Research for Sustainability (OARS) program.

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Request for proposals for a regional training hub for ocean acidification in the Pacific Islands

Proposal Request Synopsis
The Ocean Foundation is seeking an institution (or partnership of institutions) in the Pacific Islands to serve as a regional training hub for ocean acidification for the broader Pacific Islands community. This request for proposals to host the hub is part of a larger project that seeks to build capacity in the Pacific Islands to monitor and respond to ocean acidification through the distribution of equipment, training, and ongoing mentorship. The Ocean Foundation hopes to work with the selected regional training hub to identify additional sources of funding and resources to support the hub in perpetuity, but is unable to guarantee more than the funding laid out below. The regional training hub will be a critical partner in this project and will play a role in sustaining ocean acidification monitoring and research in the region beyond the three-year
time frame of this project. Eligibility and instructions to apply are included in this request for proposals. Proposals are due no later than April 1st, 2021 and should be sent to ioai@oceanfdn.org .

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Call for new members of IOCCP scientific steering group

IOCCP is looking for applications for up to five new members of the Scientific Steering Group (SSG) for term beginning on 1 April 2021, replacing colleagues who will rotate of the SSG at that time. New members will be expected to continue and expand the current set of coordination activities within specific IOCCP Themes, as linked to each Position description. Moreover, we seek to expand our SSG composition to: (i) better address the needs for coordination in regions which may have recently had limited direct representation in IOCCP, and (ii) promote outstanding early-career ocean professionals willing to support IOCCP’s mission.

You can view the complete call online below or as PDF in the attached. Please send your applications by 15 January 2021. Feel free to contact the IOCCP Office with any related questions you might have. 

Call for new members of IOCCP Scientific Steering Group

The International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), a program of the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, is looking for up to five new members to join its Scientific Steering Group (SSG) for term beginning on 1 April 2021, replacing colleagues who will rotate of the SSG at that time. New members will be expected to continue and expand the current set of coordination activities within specific IOCCP Themes, as linked to each Position description. Moreover, we seek to expand our SSG composition to: (i) better address the needs for coordination in regions which may have recently had limited direct representation in IOCCP, and (ii) promote outstanding early-career ocean professionals willing to support IOCCP’s mission…

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Grant opportunity: NOAA Ocean Acidification Program education mini-grant program

Current Closing Date for Applications: April 03, 2020

Description: The Ocean Acidification Program education mini-grant initiative, is a competitively based program that supports coastal and ocean acidification education programs that are responsive to the goals of the NOAA OA Education Implementation Plan. Priority goals include prioritizing and engaging target audiences for ocean acidification education and outreach, matching ocean acidification communication needs with existing research, education and outreach activities, while developing innovative approaches for community involvement.

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Undergraduate research opportunity in ocean acidification

The Ocean Acidification Research Center in the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences is seeking two upper-level undergraduate students to participate on a research cruise aboard the USCGC Healy to study ocean acidification in summer 2020. Interested students are encouraged to apply for travel funding and stipend through URSA, the Undergraduate Research and Scholarly Activity office.

Summer award applications are due to URSA on Sunday, Feb. 23.

Participants will work in the OARC July 6-17 for up to 10 hours a week before the cruise. During this time students will learn about oceanography, ocean acidification, sample collection and analyses, and safe practices for fieldwork in the Arctic and at sea.

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Call for proposals: Ocean Acidification Information Exchange microgrants

Background:
The mission of the Ocean Acidification Information Exchange is to respond and adapt to ocean and coastal acidification by fostering an online environment built on trust, where our members, regardless of background, feel empowered to ask, answer, and learn from one another. By promoting the collegial exchange of information across disciplines and geographical boundaries, our goal is to facilitate the creation of more holistic, effective response strategies and share lessons learned. To that end, we are offering grants for members of the site who propose innovative strategies for leveraging the OA Information Exchange’s collaboration tools to advance our community’s mission, facilitate their own work related to ocean and coastal acidification and expand the reach/utility of the OA Information Exchange.

Project Ideas:
These are provided as examples of projects that would likely receive funding based on the criteria of this RFP.

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Join the GOA-ON Pier2Peer program

The Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) relies on international collaboration to share data and understand the global ecological impacts of ocean acidification (OA). GOA-ON membership extends across disciplines, countries, socioeconomic status, gender and ethnicity.

Pier2Peer is a scientific mentorship program that matches senior researchers with early career scientists to facilitate an exchange of expertise and to provide a platform for international collaborations.

The matching process

Matches are assigned using information provided during registration including scientific background, region of scientific focus, and desired skills. Participants are allowed to specify mentors/mentees they want to work with. Moreover, once matches are revealed, participants are encouraged to request an alternate or additional partner and provide additional qualifications to achieve a better match.

Match Notification: Participants are notified of their match via email containing the name(s), contact information, and country of their partner. Notification emails also include general guidelines for participants including a request to keep the program organizers copied on future correspondences so that partnership progress can be documented.

Building Partnerships: P2P partnerships provide a number of professional development opportunities including technical guidance on experiments and study design, exchange of scientific articles, share information about capacity building workshops, conference, post-doc positions, and much more!

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POGO-PML visiting fellowship for training on-board Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export (ANDREX) cruise

Duration: February 14 to April 10, 2019 with one month prior to the start of the cruise for participating in cruise preparation and planning

Description: helping with biogeochemical observations (carbonate and oxygen chemistry).  The fellowship program is open to early career scientists, technicians, postgraduate students (PhD or MSc) and Post-doctoral Fellows involved in oceanographic work at centres in developing countries and countries with economies in transition

Eligible countries.

Deadline for applications: Wednesday 17 October 2018. All applicants will be informed of the decision within one month of the deadline.

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Long-term monitoring of O2 and pH in Alaska waters; a sentinel for global climate change and ocean acidification

Background and Objectives: The effects of global climate change and ocean acidification are expected to be more extreme at higher latitudes, such as in Alaska. Deep- coral and some sponge communities are especially susceptible to ocean acidification through reductions in calcification rates due to reduction in the available carbonate ions. Thus it is important to determine the rates of ocean acidification through monitoring pH and to determine shoaling and expansion of O2 minimum zones in order to predict and understand the effects of climate change on deep coral and sponge ecosystems.

Approach: The AFSC RACE Division annually conducts stock assessment surveys in Alaska ecosystems aboard chartered fishing vessels. These platforms provide an opportunity for low cost monitoring by instrumenting the bottom trawl survey nets to collect additional environmental data. We purchased two Aanderra oceanographic units that have sensors that collect depth, temperature, salinity, turbidity, pH and O2.

Significant Results to Date: Beginning in 2012, protocols for data collection were developed and the oceanographic equipment was deployed on bottom trawls in the eastern Bering Sea slope survey. Environmental variables were collected during 168 trawl hauls from Bering slope to the US-Russian border. In 2013, the environmental data was collected on 218 trawl hauls in the Gulf of Alaska and in 2014 data was collected on 300 trawl hauls in the Aleutian Islands.

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All aboard the carbon cruise

University of Miami students and researchers are blogging during a month-long expedition in the Gulf of Mexico to study ocean acidification.

An interdisciplinary and international team of scientists and students set sail aboard the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) ship Ronald H. Brown on Tuesday, July 18 for a 36-day expedition in the Gulf of Mexico.

The researchers – including graduate student Joletta Silva and two recent alumni, Emma Pontes and Leah Chomiak, from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science – represent institutions from the United States, Mexico and Cuba.

The expedition, entitled the Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems and Carbon Cruise (GOMECC), is the third of such research cruises led by NOAA AOML (Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory) for its Ocean Acidification Program to better understand how ocean chemistry along U.S. coasts is changing in response to ocean acidification. This cruise is the first that will explore Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico, and is considered to be the most comprehensive ocean acidification cruise to date in the region.

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Ocean acidification: Pacific conversations with SPREP

In June this year, the Pacific islands are amplifying their voice at the United Nations Ocean Conference at the UN Headquarters in New York, focusing on Sustainable Development Goal 14 – Life Below Water.

This Pacific Conversation discusses ocean acidification and its impacts on Pacific species, providing you with more information to help make a difference in our region.

Did you know that a lower pH, the potential of hydrogen, makes the ocean a louder place? By 2050, under conservative projections of ocean acidification, sounds could travel as much as 70% farther in some ocean areas. This means ocean acidification affects whales and other animals, not just coral reefs and shellfish.

The ocean absorbs about 25% of the CO2 that we emit. If we had to pay for it, the value of this ‘ocean service’ to the global economy is USD 60 to 400 billion annually (EPOCA).

By taking up our extra CO2, the ocean has acidified by 30% since the start of the Industrial Revolution. The current rate of decrease is 0.02 units per decade, faster than any rate in the past 300 million years. Projections show that by 2060, seawater acidity could have increased by 120%.

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Building international capacity to monitor, understand, and act on ocean acidification

The Ocean Foundation commits to building international capacity to address ocean acidification through four types of actions: monitoring, analyzing, engaging and acting.

Monitor:

Observing how, where, and how quickly is change occurring
Ocean acidification is causing rapid changes in chemistry, and these changes are not consistent across the globe. The first step to fighting ocean acidification is to monitor our waters so that we can better understand how, where, and how quickly the change is occurring. We have tools to monitor both the chemistry such as the change in pH and the biology like the change in algae distribution. Right now, entire regions of the ocean have limited or no capacity for such monitoring. The Ocean Foundation will work to increase monitoring capacity by providing training workshops for early career scientists, deploying tailored kits that enable monitoring efforts, and by supporting the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (the GOA-ON).

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The Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification

Goal:

Pacific Island communities and ecosystems are resilient to the impacts of ocean acidification and a changing ocean, with practical adaption measures and alternate livelihoods in place.

Rationale:

Pacific island communities and ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of ocean acidification and ocean warming. The Partnership builds on the outcomes of the International Workshop on Ocean Acidification: State-of-the-Science Considerations for Small Island Developing States that was co-hosted by New Zealand and the United States, in partnership with SPREP, as an official side-event at the 3rd UN SIDS Conference in 2014. The Partnership builds on the New Zealand Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification project, which is a collaborative effort between SPREP, SPC, USP and the Pacific island countries and territories, with support from the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Principality of Monaco. Efforts are currently underway to scale up these efforts, and the Partnership will be a key part of new actions.

Objectives:

The Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification will focus on:

1. Research and Monitoring During the Pacific Regional UN Oceans preparatory meeting, national participants highlighted the need for information and research to inform policies and decision making in their high-level statement that was endorsed by senior officials and leaders. Monitoring and research must be linked to policy and management and lead to meaningful action on the ground.

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Science to Save the Reefs: An interdisciplinary dialogue between economist and biologist to propose practical solutions against Ocean Acidification and other global stress

Ocean acidification (OA), often called “the other CO2 problem”, is a consequence of an increased release of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. Man-made CO2 does not only accumulate in the atmosphere, it also dissolves readily in seawater thereby releasing protons with, as a consequence, an increase in seawater acidity. The acidity of the oceans has increased by about 30% since the beginning of the industrial era, and may increase by more than 150% by the end of the century. This increase in acidity impacts the lives and well-being of many marine organisms and can also disrupt coastal and marine ecosystems and the services they provide. Among threatened ecosystems, coral reefs are probably the most sensitive to both climate change and ocean acidification.

The Centre Scientifique de Monaco is particularly involved in the scientific study of the impact of this environmental change on marine organisms, and more particularly on coral reefs since the 90s, developing studies from the molecular mechanism of action of OA to socio-economic impacts on coastal human societies. Scientific research at the CSM is associated within the Association Mongasque pour lAcidification des Ocans (AMAO), which includes media and funding activities carried out in the Principality of Monaco to communicate, promote and facilitate international actions on ocean acidification and other global stress factors affecting the marine environment fully supported by HSH Prince Albert II.

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Understanding and addressing the impact of ocean acidification on marine life and coastal livelihoods in California

California is a founding member of the International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification (Alliance; https://www.oaalliance.org/), which is a network of governments and affiliate (NGOs, universities, businesses, and associations) members responding to the threats of ocean acidification and changing ocean conditions.

The Alliance was initially announced at the Our Ocean conference in September 2016 and formally announced by Governor Brown and other founding members in December in San Diego at the Western Governors Association. Now, with nearly 40 members, the Alliance will grow its coalition to 60+ governments and affiliate members by June 2018 who are committed to taking actions to combat ocean acidification, both within their region and globally. Alliance members will take meaningful actions within their jurisdiction, as allowed by their existing capacity, to develop Ocean Acidification Action Plans. The Action Plans will assist in the implementation of UN SDG 14.3 by advancing the five goals identified in the Alliances Call to Action:

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Response of diatoms to ocean acidification

Marine diatoms are important primary producers that thrive in diverse and dynamic environments. Using the model species Thalassiosira pseudonana, we demonstrated in a detailed physiological and transcriptomic survey that approximately 40 percent of the transcriptome varied significantly and recurrently, reflecting large, reproducible cell-state transitions between four principal states: I) “dawn,” following twelve hours of darkness, II) “dusk,” following twelve hours of light, III) exponential growth and nutrient replete, IV) stationary phase and nutrient depleted. Repeated shifts in the transcript levels of hundreds of genes encoding sensory, signaling, and regulatory functions accompanied the four cell-state transitions, provided a preliminary map of the highly coordinated gene regulatory program under varying conditions. These results explain, in comprehensive detail, how the diatom gene regulatory program operates under varying environmental conditions (Ashworth et al. 2013).

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Development and strengthening of the regional research and monitoring network, as part of global efforts, on the ecological impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems in the Western Pacific and its adjacent regions in support of the SDG 14.3

The ocean has absorbed about one third of the anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions since the industrial revolution, greatly reducing the impact of this greenhouse gas on the climate. However, this massive input of CO2 is generating global changes in the chemistry of seawater, especially on the carbonate system. These changes are collectively referred to as ocean acidification because increased CO2 lowers seawater pH (i.e., increases its acidity).

Recent studies have shown that the resulting decrease in ocean pH will make it more difficult for marine calcifying organisms, such as corals, molluscs, and calcareous plankton, to form biogenic calcium carbonate, and existing calcium carbonate structures will become vulnerable to dissolution. Thus, ongoing acidification of the oceans poses a threat to ocean-based security. There are concerns that marine ecosystems will change, that biodiversity will be lost, and that important ecosystem services that human societies depend upon for food security, livelihoods, and coastal protection could be significantly impacted. Unfortunately, the effects of ocean acidification on organisms and ecosystems remain poorly understood, with most of our knowledge based on simplified laboratory experiments.

Continue reading ‘Development and strengthening of the regional research and monitoring network, as part of global efforts, on the ecological impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems in the Western Pacific and its adjacent regions in support of the SDG 14.3’

Alaska OA Network enters 2017 with new structure

As the Alaska Ocean Acidification Network approaches its first birthday, a new executive committee and a set of working groups are poised to help advance ocean acidification in Alaska.

“We are very grateful for the broad spectrum of people who helped get the network off the ground,” said Darcy Dugan, the network director.  “As our interim steering committee expanded to 20 people over the course of the year, we decided we could best harness the energy by identifying a small and nimble executive committee and a number of topic-specific working groups.”

The working groups will be focusing on the topics of Outreach & Communication, K-12 Education, Engagement with the fishing community, Engagement with Tribes, Policy, and Research & Monitoring.  Most are set to have their first meeting in the next month. If you are interested in joining a working group, please email Darcy at dugan@aoos.org.

The first meeting of the new executive committee took place February 16.  Members include:

  • Darcy Dugan– Alaska Ocean Observing System (Alaska OA Network Director)
  • Shallin Busch – NOAA Ocean Acidification Program
  • Dorothy Childers – Alaska Marine Conservation Council
  • Wiley Evans – Hakai Institute
  • Bob Foy – NOAA AFSC Kodiak Lab
  • Davin Holen – Alaska Sea Grant
  • Jeremy Mathis – NOAA Arctic Program/UAF Ocean Acidification Research Center

Summaries from committee meetings and updates from working groups will be posted on the Alaska OA Network website under “Network documents“.

Further information.

Global, U.S. leaders launch International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification, 13 December 2016, San Diego, California

To attend this press conference remotely, tune in to the event via Periscope livestream by following @PCCleads on Twitter!

SAN DIEGO, Calif. – Today leaders representing U.S. cities, states, businesses and national governments from around the globe, joined together to sign onto the newly formed International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification. Members who commit to joining the OA Alliance will work collaboratively and individually to take actions that combat ocean acidification and changing ocean conditions, moving climate policy forward regardless of the national political winds.

Scientists have found that ocean acidification resulting from greenhouse gas emissions has increased by 30 percent and is expected to double over pre-industrial levels by the end of the 21stcentury. The oceans are the primary protein source for 2.6 billion people, and support $2.5 trillion of economic activity each year. However, drastic changes are occurring in our oceans – from oyster hatchery die-offs to coral reef bleaching – that are being felt by coastal communities around the world.

A formal launch event of the OA Alliance is taking place at Hotel del Coronado in San Diego on Tues. Dec. 13 at 10 a.m.

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