Archive for the 'Program' Category

2023 NOPP mCDR NOFO informational webinar (audio & video)

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Harmful algal blooms, acidification and climate change in the Salish Sea

This project investigates the interactive effects of acidification, warming, and nutrients on three economically important harmful algal bloom (HAB) species in the Salish Sea. Spanning the western US-Canada border, the Salish Sea is one of the most productive estuaries in the US due to the mixing of riverine inputs with California Current System seawater. HABs that occur regularly along the US west coast are responsible for frequent closures of Dungeness crab and shellfish harvests and cause massive mortalities of wild and aquacultured shellfish. This work will expand Salish Sea HAB monitoring to include measurements of acidification, assess the effects of changing environmental conditions on HABs in the Salish Sea, and provide early warning of potential impacts to commercial, recreational, and subsistence seafood resources.

The Se’lhaem Buoy, a part of NANOOS, is used as a monitoring site for harmful algae and ocean acidification in the Salish Sea.

Why We Care
The Pacific Northwest region is sensitive to ocean warming and experiences extreme acidification (low pH and high pCO2) conditions. The Salish Sea may have increasingly favorable growth conditions for HABs with climate change, and the potential for interactions of acidification and HABs in this important shellfish and crab harvesting area is an immediate concern for commercial, recreational, and subsistence harvesters.

What We Are Doing
This project investigates the interactive effects of acidification, warming, and nutrients on three economically relevant HAB species (Pseudo-nitzschia australisProtoceratium reticulatum, and Alexandrium catenella) in the Salish Sea. The project will include field surveys of pH and pCO2 at eight sites, augmenting two ongoing efforts to monitor HABs and acidification (SoundToxins & NANOOS) in this region. The addition of carbonate chemistry measurements to current monitoring efforts will provide data to evaluate the effects of acidification on HABs in the Salish Sea. Laboratory culture experiments will evaluate the direct impact of pH and pCO2 on growth and toxin production rates of the three HAB species, and factorial experiments will determine the effects of multiple stressors (temperature, pH, and nutrient sufficiency) to identify which combinations of stressors pose the greatest risk to Salish Sea shellfish, economies, and human health.

Impact/Benefits of our Work
The project team will develop an early warning dashboard for regional managers to assess the risks of acidification and HABs to coastal resources. Outreach and education efforts will build on established and diverse partnerships between academic, research, tribal, commercial, and state entities to address clearly identified stakeholder needs including improved resource management, environmental justice, and the health and safety of seafood.

Dr. Melissa Peacock of Northwest Indian College leads this project. Co-investigators are Dr. William P. Cochlan of San Francisco State University, Dr. Vera Trainer of NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Dr. Simone Alin of NOAA’s North Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Dr. Teri King of Washington Sea Grant, and Dr. Jan Newton of the University of Washington.

The project is funded through the NCCOS Competitive Research Program, in partnership with NOAA’s Ocean Acidification Program.

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Join us for an Ocean Best Practices Workshop VI session on FAIR data solutions that span marine ecosystem observing networks

About: Join us for an Ocean Best Practices Workshop VI session on FAIR data solutions that span marine ecosystem observing networks

Timing: Tuesday, October 11  9:00-11:00 am EDT

Registration: Please register for the Ocean Best Practices Workshop (free) in order to participate in this special session. You can sign up for this session via the Workshop Team Calendar (click on our Oct. 11 session and you’ll see a button to sign up to participate).

One of the aims of the Marine Ecological Time Series Research Coordination Network (METS-RCN) is to work towards standardized semantic approaches and adoption of controlled vocabularies for physical, biogeochemical, and biological parameters that are part of shipboard ocean time series data sets. Many global observing networks are currently trying to do this for biological parameters. Since we are looking at many of the same parameters, we should be coordinating and working towards a common solution.

Building on the model of a 2012 international workshop focused on methodological best practices for ship-based time series, the METS-RCN will convene a follow-on international time series workshop in 2023-2024 focused on consensus building around data and metadata best practices for ship-based time series. The OBPS workshop represents an opportunity to connect with other biology and biodiversity observing networks to share strategies for consensus building within their networks and identify common solutions (semantic approaches, use of existing and development of new terms in controlled vocabularies) in preparation for this activity next year.


This will be a 2-hour panel discussion to discuss goals and guiding principles (and any progress) on  data and metadata guidelines for ocean biology and biodiversity variables:

  • Marine Ecological Time Series Research Coordination Network (METS-RCN) Steering Committee members
  • Marine Biodiversity Observing Network (MBON) – Enrique Montes, Gabrielle Canonico, Frank Muller-Karger
  • Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Bio cluster – Abby Benson
  • ESIP Marine cluster – Mathew Biddle
  • Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) BioEco – Gabrielle Canonico, Frank Muller-Karger
  • Ocean Biomolecular Observing Network (OBON) – Pier Luigi Buttegieg
  • Biological & Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) – Danie Kinkade
  • Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS) – Ward Appeltans
  • Marine Life 2030 – Frank Muller-Karger, Emmett Duffy
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Ocean alkalinity enhancement R&D program & survey

A philanthropic consortium, led by Additional Ventures, is proud to launch the Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement (OAE) R&D Program, an ambitious effort to accelerate understanding of OAE as a potential method for large-scale carbon dioxide removal (CDR).

Why Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) suggests that even aggressive mitigation measures to  reduce CO2 emissions will have to be complemented with carbon dioxide removal (CDR) on the order of 100–1000 billion tons of CO2 before the end of the 21st century to avert the worst consequences of climate change.

The ocean already contains 50 times more CO2 than the atmosphere and has an enormous capacity to permanently sequester more. As ocean-based CO2 removal has attracted more interest, OAE has emerged as a particularly intriguing approach. When alkalinity increases in seawater, dissolved CO2 is chemically transformed to bicarbonate and carbonate ions. This transformation can help de-acidify seawater, turning the chemical clock of the ocean back to pre-industrial times. OAE can, at least on paper, sequester billions tons of CO2 annually for tens or even hundreds of thousands of years, imitating geologic weathering processes that have sequestered trillions of tons of atmospheric CO2 in the ocean over millennia.

In late 2021, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Mathematics (NASEM) released a study on ocean-based CDR approaches. In this consensus report, OAE stands out as a potentially efficient and highly scalable CDR pathway that permanently sequesters CO2.

The Promise of Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement

Ocean alkalinity enhancement is a particularly promising ocean CDR approach. Below is a visual representation of key quantitative and qualitative results summarized by NASEM (2021, Table S.1 therein). Note that some of the most cost-effective and scalable “electrochemical processes” described in NASEM (2021) increase the alkalinity of seawater, and/or force the precipitation of solid alkaline materials that can be used for OAE. Our definition of OAE encompasses these electrochemical approaches.

Survey on ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) recruitment needs

Additional Ventures, a new science funder in the field of ocean CDR, is interested in understanding how to recruit the best scientific talent to ocean CDR research. Please take this super-short, checkmark-style survey about your experience on this topic – you do not have to be already active in ocean CDR to take the survey.

Take the survey here (2 min. max & anonymous by default)

We aim to collect responses from a range of stakeholders, disciplines, and career stages.

Thank you so much for your time and support of this effort!

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A surface ocean CO2 monitoring strategy

Catalyse and facilitate the development of an internationally-agreed strategy for monitoring surface ocean CO2 globally and build on existing observing programmes, data management structures, and coordination bodies to create a global surface monitoring CO2 network capable of responding to the needs of global and regional policy drivers including the UNFCCC Global Stocktake. This activity contributes to G7 FSOI Action Areas 1, 3, and 4.

The G7 FSOI Coordination Centre will provide support for the GOOS Biogeochemistry Panel and build on existing international groups SOCONET and SOCAT to:

  • Develop an internationally-agreed observing strategy required to determine net ocean- atmosphere fluxes to an accuracy of 10% or better regionally and globally, and to monitor global ocean acidification, building on existing infrastructures and making best use of the combination of in situ observing platforms, satellite data, and models to fill gaps.
  • Develop international agreements on the system components required to support the observing network, including data management and global coordination support.
  • Develop a roadmap, phased-implementation plan, and budget requirements by the end of 2022 for a sustained surface ocean COmonitoring system, with the goal of establishing a fully functional system for the 2nd Global Stocktake of the UNFCCC in 2028.
  • Work with international partners to reach agreements on coordinated contributions and investments to implement the full fit-for-purpose observing system, including coastal areas, regional seas, and regional hubs (e.g., GOA-ON) and coordination support, by 2028.
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UN Ocean Decade endorses several AOML collaborative initiatives

In 2017, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the time frame of 2021-2030 as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, also known as the “Ocean Decade,” to address the degradation of the ocean and encourage innovative science initiatives to better understand and ultimately reverse its declining health. 

Several collaborative initiatives featuring work by scientists at NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) have recently been endorsed in the first Ocean Decade Actions announcement, made by the United Nations Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in 2021. 

Scientists at AOML are collaborating with national and international partners and stakeholders to carry out research that supports the vision of the UN Ocean Decade through initiatives such as the Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS), the Ocean Biomolecular Observing Network (OBON), the Global Ocean Biogeochemistry Array (GO-BGC), and the Ocean Acidification Research for Sustainability (OARS) program.

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Request for proposals for a regional training hub for ocean acidification in the Pacific Islands

Proposal Request Synopsis
The Ocean Foundation is seeking an institution (or partnership of institutions) in the Pacific Islands to serve as a regional training hub for ocean acidification for the broader Pacific Islands community. This request for proposals to host the hub is part of a larger project that seeks to build capacity in the Pacific Islands to monitor and respond to ocean acidification through the distribution of equipment, training, and ongoing mentorship. The Ocean Foundation hopes to work with the selected regional training hub to identify additional sources of funding and resources to support the hub in perpetuity, but is unable to guarantee more than the funding laid out below. The regional training hub will be a critical partner in this project and will play a role in sustaining ocean acidification monitoring and research in the region beyond the three-year
time frame of this project. Eligibility and instructions to apply are included in this request for proposals. Proposals are due no later than April 1st, 2021 and should be sent to .

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Call for new members of IOCCP scientific steering group

IOCCP is looking for applications for up to five new members of the Scientific Steering Group (SSG) for term beginning on 1 April 2021, replacing colleagues who will rotate of the SSG at that time. New members will be expected to continue and expand the current set of coordination activities within specific IOCCP Themes, as linked to each Position description. Moreover, we seek to expand our SSG composition to: (i) better address the needs for coordination in regions which may have recently had limited direct representation in IOCCP, and (ii) promote outstanding early-career ocean professionals willing to support IOCCP’s mission.

You can view the complete call online below or as PDF in the attached. Please send your applications by 15 January 2021. Feel free to contact the IOCCP Office with any related questions you might have. 

Call for new members of IOCCP Scientific Steering Group

The International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), a program of the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, is looking for up to five new members to join its Scientific Steering Group (SSG) for term beginning on 1 April 2021, replacing colleagues who will rotate of the SSG at that time. New members will be expected to continue and expand the current set of coordination activities within specific IOCCP Themes, as linked to each Position description. Moreover, we seek to expand our SSG composition to: (i) better address the needs for coordination in regions which may have recently had limited direct representation in IOCCP, and (ii) promote outstanding early-career ocean professionals willing to support IOCCP’s mission…

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Grant opportunity: NOAA Ocean Acidification Program education mini-grant program

Current Closing Date for Applications: April 03, 2020

Description: The Ocean Acidification Program education mini-grant initiative, is a competitively based program that supports coastal and ocean acidification education programs that are responsive to the goals of the NOAA OA Education Implementation Plan. Priority goals include prioritizing and engaging target audiences for ocean acidification education and outreach, matching ocean acidification communication needs with existing research, education and outreach activities, while developing innovative approaches for community involvement.

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Undergraduate research opportunity in ocean acidification

The Ocean Acidification Research Center in the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences is seeking two upper-level undergraduate students to participate on a research cruise aboard the USCGC Healy to study ocean acidification in summer 2020. Interested students are encouraged to apply for travel funding and stipend through URSA, the Undergraduate Research and Scholarly Activity office.

Summer award applications are due to URSA on Sunday, Feb. 23.

Participants will work in the OARC July 6-17 for up to 10 hours a week before the cruise. During this time students will learn about oceanography, ocean acidification, sample collection and analyses, and safe practices for fieldwork in the Arctic and at sea.

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Call for proposals: Ocean Acidification Information Exchange microgrants

The mission of the Ocean Acidification Information Exchange is to respond and adapt to ocean and coastal acidification by fostering an online environment built on trust, where our members, regardless of background, feel empowered to ask, answer, and learn from one another. By promoting the collegial exchange of information across disciplines and geographical boundaries, our goal is to facilitate the creation of more holistic, effective response strategies and share lessons learned. To that end, we are offering grants for members of the site who propose innovative strategies for leveraging the OA Information Exchange’s collaboration tools to advance our community’s mission, facilitate their own work related to ocean and coastal acidification and expand the reach/utility of the OA Information Exchange.

Project Ideas:
These are provided as examples of projects that would likely receive funding based on the criteria of this RFP.

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Join the GOA-ON Pier2Peer program

The Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) relies on international collaboration to share data and understand the global ecological impacts of ocean acidification (OA). GOA-ON membership extends across disciplines, countries, socioeconomic status, gender and ethnicity.

Pier2Peer is a scientific mentorship program that matches senior researchers with early career scientists to facilitate an exchange of expertise and to provide a platform for international collaborations.

The matching process

Matches are assigned using information provided during registration including scientific background, region of scientific focus, and desired skills. Participants are allowed to specify mentors/mentees they want to work with. Moreover, once matches are revealed, participants are encouraged to request an alternate or additional partner and provide additional qualifications to achieve a better match.

Match Notification: Participants are notified of their match via email containing the name(s), contact information, and country of their partner. Notification emails also include general guidelines for participants including a request to keep the program organizers copied on future correspondences so that partnership progress can be documented.

Building Partnerships: P2P partnerships provide a number of professional development opportunities including technical guidance on experiments and study design, exchange of scientific articles, share information about capacity building workshops, conference, post-doc positions, and much more!

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POGO-PML visiting fellowship for training on-board Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export (ANDREX) cruise

Duration: February 14 to April 10, 2019 with one month prior to the start of the cruise for participating in cruise preparation and planning

Description: helping with biogeochemical observations (carbonate and oxygen chemistry).  The fellowship program is open to early career scientists, technicians, postgraduate students (PhD or MSc) and Post-doctoral Fellows involved in oceanographic work at centres in developing countries and countries with economies in transition

Eligible countries.

Deadline for applications: Wednesday 17 October 2018. All applicants will be informed of the decision within one month of the deadline.

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Long-term monitoring of O2 and pH in Alaska waters; a sentinel for global climate change and ocean acidification

Background and Objectives: The effects of global climate change and ocean acidification are expected to be more extreme at higher latitudes, such as in Alaska. Deep- coral and some sponge communities are especially susceptible to ocean acidification through reductions in calcification rates due to reduction in the available carbonate ions. Thus it is important to determine the rates of ocean acidification through monitoring pH and to determine shoaling and expansion of O2 minimum zones in order to predict and understand the effects of climate change on deep coral and sponge ecosystems.

Approach: The AFSC RACE Division annually conducts stock assessment surveys in Alaska ecosystems aboard chartered fishing vessels. These platforms provide an opportunity for low cost monitoring by instrumenting the bottom trawl survey nets to collect additional environmental data. We purchased two Aanderra oceanographic units that have sensors that collect depth, temperature, salinity, turbidity, pH and O2.

Significant Results to Date: Beginning in 2012, protocols for data collection were developed and the oceanographic equipment was deployed on bottom trawls in the eastern Bering Sea slope survey. Environmental variables were collected during 168 trawl hauls from Bering slope to the US-Russian border. In 2013, the environmental data was collected on 218 trawl hauls in the Gulf of Alaska and in 2014 data was collected on 300 trawl hauls in the Aleutian Islands.

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All aboard the carbon cruise

University of Miami students and researchers are blogging during a month-long expedition in the Gulf of Mexico to study ocean acidification.

An interdisciplinary and international team of scientists and students set sail aboard the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) ship Ronald H. Brown on Tuesday, July 18 for a 36-day expedition in the Gulf of Mexico.

The researchers – including graduate student Joletta Silva and two recent alumni, Emma Pontes and Leah Chomiak, from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science – represent institutions from the United States, Mexico and Cuba.

The expedition, entitled the Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems and Carbon Cruise (GOMECC), is the third of such research cruises led by NOAA AOML (Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory) for its Ocean Acidification Program to better understand how ocean chemistry along U.S. coasts is changing in response to ocean acidification. This cruise is the first that will explore Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico, and is considered to be the most comprehensive ocean acidification cruise to date in the region.

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Ocean acidification: Pacific conversations with SPREP

In June this year, the Pacific islands are amplifying their voice at the United Nations Ocean Conference at the UN Headquarters in New York, focusing on Sustainable Development Goal 14 – Life Below Water.

This Pacific Conversation discusses ocean acidification and its impacts on Pacific species, providing you with more information to help make a difference in our region.

Did you know that a lower pH, the potential of hydrogen, makes the ocean a louder place? By 2050, under conservative projections of ocean acidification, sounds could travel as much as 70% farther in some ocean areas. This means ocean acidification affects whales and other animals, not just coral reefs and shellfish.

The ocean absorbs about 25% of the CO2 that we emit. If we had to pay for it, the value of this ‘ocean service’ to the global economy is USD 60 to 400 billion annually (EPOCA).

By taking up our extra CO2, the ocean has acidified by 30% since the start of the Industrial Revolution. The current rate of decrease is 0.02 units per decade, faster than any rate in the past 300 million years. Projections show that by 2060, seawater acidity could have increased by 120%.

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Building international capacity to monitor, understand, and act on ocean acidification

The Ocean Foundation commits to building international capacity to address ocean acidification through four types of actions: monitoring, analyzing, engaging and acting.


Observing how, where, and how quickly is change occurring
Ocean acidification is causing rapid changes in chemistry, and these changes are not consistent across the globe. The first step to fighting ocean acidification is to monitor our waters so that we can better understand how, where, and how quickly the change is occurring. We have tools to monitor both the chemistry such as the change in pH and the biology like the change in algae distribution. Right now, entire regions of the ocean have limited or no capacity for such monitoring. The Ocean Foundation will work to increase monitoring capacity by providing training workshops for early career scientists, deploying tailored kits that enable monitoring efforts, and by supporting the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (the GOA-ON).

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The Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification


Pacific Island communities and ecosystems are resilient to the impacts of ocean acidification and a changing ocean, with practical adaption measures and alternate livelihoods in place.


Pacific island communities and ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of ocean acidification and ocean warming. The Partnership builds on the outcomes of the International Workshop on Ocean Acidification: State-of-the-Science Considerations for Small Island Developing States that was co-hosted by New Zealand and the United States, in partnership with SPREP, as an official side-event at the 3rd UN SIDS Conference in 2014. The Partnership builds on the New Zealand Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification project, which is a collaborative effort between SPREP, SPC, USP and the Pacific island countries and territories, with support from the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Principality of Monaco. Efforts are currently underway to scale up these efforts, and the Partnership will be a key part of new actions.


The Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification will focus on:

1. Research and Monitoring During the Pacific Regional UN Oceans preparatory meeting, national participants highlighted the need for information and research to inform policies and decision making in their high-level statement that was endorsed by senior officials and leaders. Monitoring and research must be linked to policy and management and lead to meaningful action on the ground.

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Science to Save the Reefs: An interdisciplinary dialogue between economist and biologist to propose practical solutions against Ocean Acidification and other global stress

Ocean acidification (OA), often called “the other CO2 problem”, is a consequence of an increased release of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. Man-made CO2 does not only accumulate in the atmosphere, it also dissolves readily in seawater thereby releasing protons with, as a consequence, an increase in seawater acidity. The acidity of the oceans has increased by about 30% since the beginning of the industrial era, and may increase by more than 150% by the end of the century. This increase in acidity impacts the lives and well-being of many marine organisms and can also disrupt coastal and marine ecosystems and the services they provide. Among threatened ecosystems, coral reefs are probably the most sensitive to both climate change and ocean acidification.

The Centre Scientifique de Monaco is particularly involved in the scientific study of the impact of this environmental change on marine organisms, and more particularly on coral reefs since the 90s, developing studies from the molecular mechanism of action of OA to socio-economic impacts on coastal human societies. Scientific research at the CSM is associated within the Association Mongasque pour lAcidification des Ocans (AMAO), which includes media and funding activities carried out in the Principality of Monaco to communicate, promote and facilitate international actions on ocean acidification and other global stress factors affecting the marine environment fully supported by HSH Prince Albert II.

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Understanding and addressing the impact of ocean acidification on marine life and coastal livelihoods in California

California is a founding member of the International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification (Alliance;, which is a network of governments and affiliate (NGOs, universities, businesses, and associations) members responding to the threats of ocean acidification and changing ocean conditions.

The Alliance was initially announced at the Our Ocean conference in September 2016 and formally announced by Governor Brown and other founding members in December in San Diego at the Western Governors Association. Now, with nearly 40 members, the Alliance will grow its coalition to 60+ governments and affiliate members by June 2018 who are committed to taking actions to combat ocean acidification, both within their region and globally. Alliance members will take meaningful actions within their jurisdiction, as allowed by their existing capacity, to develop Ocean Acidification Action Plans. The Action Plans will assist in the implementation of UN SDG 14.3 by advancing the five goals identified in the Alliances Call to Action:

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