Osmotic response of Dotilla fenestrata (sand bubbler crab) exposed to combined water acidity and varying metal (Cd and Pb)

This study assessed the interactive effects of near-future coastal acidification in combination with varying sub lethal metal concentrations on the haemolymph osmolality of Dotilla fenestrata. Crabs were exposed to acute combination of near-future pH scenarios of estuarine systems (7.2, 7.4 and 7.6) by bubbling CO2 into holding tanks and metal concentrations (Cd = 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00 mg/l), (Pb = 6.50, 8.50 and 10.50 mg/l) and (Cd & Pb = 4.50, 5.75 and 7.00 mg/l) at 32 psu salinity and 18 °C for 96 h and compared with the control group that were acclimated in water medium (salinity 32 psu, temperature 18 °C and pH 8.1). Mean haemolymph osmolality of crabs exposed to a combination of varying pH and metal concentrations were not significantly different (ANOVA HSD: df 9; p > 0.05) from the crabs acclimated close to background water parameters. The study showed that near-future coastal pH has no significant effect on the haemolymph osmolality of the crab Dotilla exposed to sublethal concentrations of Cd and Pb at salinity level of 32 ppt.

Adeleke B., Robertson-Andersson D. & Moodley G., 2021. Osmotic response of Dotilla fenestrata (sand bubbler crab) exposed to combined water acidity and varying metal (Cd and Pb). Heliyon 7(4): e06763. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06763. Article.

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