Global warming offsets the ecophysiological stress of ocean acidification on temperate crustose coralline algae

Highlights

•The ecological risk of climate change on temperate CCA has been assessed by mesocosm.

•Future change in carbonate chemistry has led to ecophysiological change of CCA.

•Oxygenic photosynthesis and growth decreased under acidified seawater.

•Negative metabolic changes in ocean acidification were offset by elevated temperature.

Abstract

Dramatic increases in the release of anthropogenic CO2 and global temperatures have resulted in alterations to seawater carbonate chemistry and metabolisms of marine organisms. There has been recent interest in the effects of these stressors on crustose coralline algae (CCA) because photosynthesis and calcification are influenced by all components of carbonate chemistry. To examine this, a mesocosm experiment was conducted to evaluate photosynthesis, calcification and growth in the temperate CCA Chamberlainium sp. under acidification (doubled CO2), warming (+5 °C), and greenhouse (doubled CO2 and +5 °C) conditions compared to present-day conditions. After 47 days of acclimation to these conditions, productivity was lowest under acidification, although photochemical properties were improved, while respiration was highest under warming. Likewise, growth was lowest under acidification, but this negative response was offset by elevated temperature under greenhouse. Together, these results suggest that warming offsets the negative effects of acidification by creating more suitable conditions for photosynthesis and growth.

Kim J-H., Kim N., Moon H., Lee S., Jeong S. Y., Diaz-Pulido G., Edwards M. S., Kang J-H., Kang E. J., Oh H-J., Hwang J-D. & Kim I-N., 2020. Global warming offsets the ecophysiological stress of ocean acidification on temperate crustose coralline algae. Marine Pollution Bulletin 157, 111324. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111324. Article (subscription required).

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OA-ICC HIGHLIGHTS

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