Effects of ocean warming and acidification combined with eutrophication on chemical composition and functional properties of Ulva rigida

Highlights

• Ocean warming and eutrophication increased total amino acids.
• Ocean warming, acidification, and eutrophication increased total fatty acids.
• Ocean warming enhanced swelling capacity and water holding capacity.
• Ocean warming promoted oil holding capacity.

Abstract

Ulva is increasingly viewed as a food source in the world. Here, Ulva rigida was cultured at two levels of temperature (14, 18°C), pH (7.95, 7.55, corresponding to low and high pCO2), and nitrate conditions (6 μmol L-1, 150 μmol L-1), to investigate the effects of ocean warming, acidification, and eutrophication on food quality of Ulva species. High temperature increased the content of each amino acid. High nitrate increased the content of all amino acid except aspartic acid and cysteine. High temperature, pCO2, and nitrate also increased content of most fatty acids. The combination of high temperature, pCO2, and nitrate increased the swelling capacity, water holding capacity, and oil holding capacity by 15.60%, 7.88%, and 16.32% respectively, compared to the control. It seems that future ocean environment would enhance the production of amino acid and fatty acid as well as the functional properties in Ulva species.

Gao G., Clare A. S., Chatzidimitriou E., Rose C. & Caldwell G., in press. Effects of ocean warming and acidification combined with eutrophication on chemical composition and functional properties of Ulva rigida. Food Chemistry. Article (subscription required).

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