Combined effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on the production of DMSP and DMS in the culture of Amphidinium carterae

Ocean acidification and global warming might affect the production of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), dimethylsulfide (DMS), and dissolved acrylic acid (AAd) by marine phytoplankton. Monoculture incubation experiments were conducted with the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae to investigate the effects of elevated CO2 concentration and temperature on growth and productions of DMSP, DMS, and AAd. Two pCO2 levels were set as 400 and 1000 μatm, and two temperatures were set as 20 and 23 °C. The growth of A. carterae remained unaffected by an increase of CO2 to 1000 μatm and a rise of temperature of 3 °C. Moreover, the elevated CO2 concentration and temperature had no significant effects on the concentrations and cell-normalized concentrations of DMSP, DMS, and AAd. No additive or synergistic effects of elevated CO2 concentration and temperature on A. carterae were observed, indicating that A. carterae was insensitive to elevated CO2 and temperature in short time incubation.

Li P.-F., Yang G.-P. & Liu C.-Y., in press. Combined effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on the production of DMSP and DMS in the culture of Amphidinium carterae. Journal of Applied Phycology. Article (subscription required).

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