Chapter 5 – microbial adaptation to climate change and its impact on sustainable development

Microbial community has always been integrated with the ecological systems and is responsible for the maintenance of the natural balances. The current era of anthropogony has brought drastic consequences in the order of climate change. There have been many variations in the habitats of microorganisms, be it acidification of oceans or drought stress in soils of the agricultural lands. The adverse effects of these uncalled changes might lead to great losses of the ecosystem as some of these directly affect the growth and survival of the beneficial microorganisms. In order to maintain a healthy biome and balance, it is a necessity for the microbes to either inherit or develop the resistance or adaptation for the physical changes and acclimatize in order to maintain the biodiversity and conservation in an ecosystem. This chapter reviews some of the beneficial adaptation measures taken by the microorganisms to combat the climatic changes and environmental stress such as increase in the temperature or CO2 levels in the atmosphere which in turn helps the ecosystem to achieve sustainable development. It includes the microbes in varying ecosystems such as aquatic and terrestrial. It also details about the mechanisms in which the microbes help boost the ecosystem and what is the relevance of these adaptations in the upcoming challenges associated with climate change. Lastly, it highlights some of the measures or strategies including the next generation technologies which can be used to overcome the climatic change consequences in plants and animals by altering and modifying some of the adaptation techniques, making them better. These novel upcoming methods might be the solution for a better adaptation in the coming future years.

Srivastava S., Chakraborty A. & Suthindhiran K., 2022. Microbial adaptation to climate change and its impact on sustainable development. In: Samuel J., Kumar A. & Singh J. (Eds.), Relationship between microbes and the environment for sustainable ecosystem services, volume 1, pp 85-105. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Chapter (restricted access).

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