Evaluation of a new carbon dioxide system for autonomous surface vehicles

Current carbon measurement strategies leave spatiotemporal gaps that hinder the scientific understanding of the oceanic carbon biogeochemical cycle. Data products and models are subject to bias because they rely on data that inadequately capture mesoscale spatiotemporal (kilometers and days to weeks) changes. High-resolution measurement strategies need to be implemented to adequately evaluate the global ocean carbon cycle. To augment the spatial and temporal coverage of ocean-atmosphere carbon measurements, an Autonomous Surface Vehicle CO2 (⁠⁠) system was developed. From 2011 to 2018, ASVCO2 systems were deployed on seven Wave Glider and Saildrone missions along the U.S. Pacific and Australia’s Tasmanian coastlines and in the tropical Pacific to evaluate the viability of the sensors and their applicability to carbon cycle research. Here we illustrate that the ASVCO2 systems are capable of long-term oceanic deployment and robust collection of air and seawater pCO2 within ± 2 µatm based on comparisons with established ship-board underway systems, with previously described MAPCO2 systems, and with companion ASVCO2 systems deployed side-by-side.

Sabine C., Sutton A., McCabe K., Lawrence-Slavas N., Alin S., Feely R., Jenkins R., Maenner S., Meinig C., van Ooijen J. T. E., Passmore A. & Tilbrook B., in press. Evaluation of a new carbon dioxide system for autonomous surface vehicles. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. Article.

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