Farming is a technique employed by both humans and animals to enhance crop yields, allowing their populations to increase beyond the natural carrying capacity of the environment. Using volcanic CO2 vents, we investigate how a species of herbivorous fish (the black scalyfin Parma alboscapularis) may use increasing anthropogenic CO2 emissions to enhance its crop yields. We found that these farming fish can take advantage of this resource enrichment, to grow crops within smaller territories and increase the capacity of the environment to support more densely packed fish populations.
Ferreira C. M., Nagelkerken I., Goldenberg S. U. & Connel S. D., 2018. CO2 emissions boost the benefits of crop production by farming damselfish. Nature Ecology & Evolution. Article (subscription required).