The absence of the pCO2 effect on dissolved 134Cs uptake in select marine organisms

Highlights

• Prawns and scallops were exposed to dissolved 134Cs at three increasing pCO2.
• Increasing pCO2 had no effect on the uptake kinetics parameters whatever the species.
• Prawn concentrated ca. 10-fold more efficiently 134Cs than scallop at equilibrium.

Abstract

Ocean acidification have been shown to not affect the capacity of bivalves to bioaccumulation 134Cs in their tissue; but as this was studied on only one species to date. There is therefore a need to verify if this holds true for other bivalve species or other marine invertebrates. The present short communication confirms that in the scallop Mimachlamys varia and the prawn Penaeus japonicus, two species that supposedly have a record to preferentially concentrates this radionuclide, that bioconcentration of 134Cs was shown not to be influenced by a decreasing pH (and thereby increasing seawater pCO2). Although the dissolved 134Cs was taken up in a similar manner under different pH values (8.1, 7.8, and 7.5) in both species, being described by a saturation state equilibrium model, the species displayed different bioconcentration capacities of 134Cs: CFss in the prawns was approximately 10-fold higher than in scallops. Such results suggest that the Cs bioconcentration capacity are mainly dependent of the taxa and that uptake processes are independent the physiological ones involved in the biological responses of prawns and scallops to ocean acidification.

Lacoue-Labarthe T., Oberhänsli F., Teyssié J.-L. & Metian M., 2018. The absence of the pCO2 effect on dissolved 134Cs uptake in select marine organisms. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 192: 10-13. Article.

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Ocean acidification in the IPCC AR5 WG II

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