Ocean acidification and warming significantly affect coastal eutrophication and organic pollution: a case study in the Bohai Sea

Highlights

  • Ocean acidification alone favors eutrophication and organic pollution.
  • Warming alone inhibits eutrophication and organic pollution.
  • Interactions between acidification and warming may exacerbate organic pollution.
  • Their interactions may mitigate the progress of eutrophication.

Abstract

Most coastal ecosystems are faced with novel challenges associated with human activities and climate change such as ocean acidification, warming, eutrophication, and organic pollution. However, data on the independent or combined effects of ocean acidification and warming on coastal eutrophication and organic pollution at present are relatively limited. Here, we applied the generalized additive models (GAMs) to explore the dynamics of coastal eutrophication and organic pollution in response to future climate change in the Bohai Sea. The GAMs reflected the fact that acidification alone favors eutrophication and organic pollution, while warming alone inhibits these two variables. Differently, the interactions between acidification and warming in the future may further exacerbate the organic pollution but may mitigate the progress of eutrophication. These different responses of eutrophication and organic pollution to acidification and warming may be attributed to algae growth and microbial respiration, as well as some physical processes such as stratification.

Wei Y., Ding D., Gu T., Xu Y., Sun X., Qu K., Sun J. & Cui Z., 2023. Ocean acidification and warming significantly affect coastal eutrophication and organic pollution: a case study in the Bohai Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 186: 114380. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.114380. Article.


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