Ocean acidification impacts on hatching success and reproductive tissue damage in anemonefish

Oceans have continuously absorbed anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The early life stages are likely vulnerable to low pH conditions. The present study aimed to assess the anemonefish (Amphiprionsebae), egg hatch rate and gonadal tissue condition in different pH levels in 6 weeks. Seawater
pH was manually manipulated by bubbling known concentrations of CO2 to achieve three pH treatments 8.1, 7.7 and 7.3. Egg hatch rate decreased with declining pH (ambient pH – 93 %, pH 7.7 – 92 %, pH 7.3 – 88 %) and a slight time delay was observed between the ambient and lower pH treatments. The condition of testicular and ovarian tissue was not affected by low pH levels. Overall, present experiment found that the slight negative effects on egg hatching success in low pH condition. The experimental results suggested that early life stages expected to vulnerable to near future ocean acidification.

Kannan G., Ayyappan S. & Mariasingarayan Y., 2020. Ocean acidification impacts on hatching success and reproductive tissue damage in anemonefish. Indian Journal of Natural Sciences 10 (58): 17992-18000. Article.

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