The energetic physiology of juvenile mussels, Mytilus chilensis (Hupe): the prevalent role of salinity under current and predicted pCO2 scenarios

Highlights

•  Climate forecasts predict changes in pCO2 and salinity by the end of the century.
•  Yet, their individual and combined effects on coastal species remain understudied.
•  We assessed these effects on the physiology of juvenile mussels Mytilus chilensis.
•  Salinity had a prevalent role over most mussel’s physiology variables.
•  pCO2 affected excretion rates and interacted with salinity on oxygen uptake.

Abstract

As a result of human activities, climate forecasts predict changes in the oceans pCO2 and salinity levels with unknown impacts on marine organisms. As a consequence, an increasing number of studies have begun to address the individual influence of pCO2 and salinity but much remains to be done to understand their combined effects on the physiology and ecology of marine species. Our study addressed this knowledge gap by measuring the influence of current and predicted levels of pCO2 (380 and 1200 ppm, respectively) and salinity (20, 25 and 30 psμ) on the energetic physiology of juvenile mussels (Mytilus chilensis) from the south-eastern Pacific region. Our results indicate that a reduced salinity caused a significant reduction in clearance rate, absorption efficiency and scope for growth of this species. Meanwhile, an increase in pCO2 levels caused a reduction in excretion rates and interacted significantly with salinity in the rate of oxygen uptake measured in the mussel. These results suggest that potential changes in salinity might have a direct role on the physiology of M. chilensis. The effect of pCO2, although less prevalent among the variables measured here, did interact with salinity and is also likely to alter the physiology of this species. Given the ecological and economic importance of M. chilensis, we call for further studies exploring the influence of pCO2 across a wider range of salinities.

Duarte C., Navarro J. M., Quijón P. A., Loncon D., Torres R., Manríquez P. H., Lardies M. A., Vargas C. A. & Lagos N. A., 2018. The energetic physiology of juvenile mussels, Mytilus chilensis (Hupe): the prevalent role of salinity under current and predicted pCO2 scenarios. Environmental Pollution 242 Part A: 156-163. Article (subscription required).

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