Characteristics of calcium isotopes at different water depths and their palaeoenvironmental significance for carbonate rocks of the Permian-Triassic boundary in Chibi, southern China

Calcium isotopes of carbonate rocks can trace calcium cycles and record changes in the marine environment. As published calcium isotope profiles of carbonate rocks at the Permian-Triassic boundary are rare, comparative studies on deep-water profiles were lacking for the major extinction event that occurred during this time. We present sections of different water depths in the Chibi area of southern China that we have selected for a comparative study. We analyzed carbon isotopes, calcium isotopes, as well as major and trace elements of carbonates from two sections (Chibi North and Chibi West) to obtain information on the volcanic activity, ocean acidification, as well as sea level rise and fall in the Chibi area during the mass extinction period. All carbon and calcium isotopes of carbonates from both sections are all negative after the mass extinction boundary. Carbonates from the Chibi North section have higher δ44/40Ca values and lower Sr/Ca ratios than the rocks from the Chibi West section. We propose that the negative bias of the calcium isotopes in the two sections result from diagenesis. Diagenesis transforms primary aragonite into calcite, showing the characteristics of high δ44/40Ca value and low Sr/Ca. By comparing our data with three published profiles of shallow-water carbonate rock, we recognize that calcium isotopes record gradients at different water depths. In the slope environment, the enhancement of pore fluid action near the coast caused an increase of the fluid buffer alteration, and we propose that a regression event occurred in the Chibi region during the Late Permian.

Zhao H. & Huang J., 2022. Characteristics of calcium isotopes at different water depths and their palaeoenvironmental significance for carbonate rocks of the Permian-Triassic boundary in Chibi, southern China. Minerals 12(11): 1440. doi: 10.3390/min12111440. Article.

0 Responses to “Characteristics of calcium isotopes at different water depths and their palaeoenvironmental significance for carbonate rocks of the Permian-Triassic boundary in Chibi, southern China”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply




  • Reset

Subscribe

OA-ICC Highlights


%d bloggers like this: