This study investigated the effect of an organic pollutant (Bisphenol A, an endocrine-disrupting chemical) on the stability of a mixture of nanoparticles (NPs). Experiments were conducted in seawater chemistry condition with TiO2/ZnO NP concentration ratio: 0.01, 10.1, 1, 10,100; pH: 7.4 and 8.1; BPA concentration: 1 and 10μg/L. The presence of BPA was found to increase the size of NP. Lower pH of 7.4 increased size of NPs from 3 to 297% (at 1 μg/L BPA; NP ratio = 0.1 to 100). Aggregation rate constant values ranged between 0.17 and 1.81nm/sec in pH 7.4 suspension and between 0.48 and 56nm/sec in pH 8.1 suspension. Factors such as pH and NP mass concentration had major effects on size change for suspension having the same ratio of TiO2/ZnO. NP aggregate was comprised of 97% ZnO NP, 3% TiO2 NP and had 1.39mg/kg BPA. Overall, this study found dominance of van der Waals forces of attraction in mixture suspension of NPs and BPA. The obtained result on NP persistence in seawater can now be used in estimating exposure doses of a mixture of nanoparticles during inadvertent exposure.
Parsai T. & Kumar A., 2021. Effect of seawater acidification and plasticizer (Bisphenol-A) on aggregation of nanoparticles. Environmental Research 201: 111498. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111498. Article (subscription required).