The carbon dioxide vents of Ischia, Italy, a natural system to assess impacts of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems: an overview of research and comparisons with other vent systems

As the ocean continues to take up carbon dioxide (CO2), it is difficult to predict the future of marine ecosystems. Natural CO2 vent sites, mainly of volcanic origin, that provide a pH gradient are useful as a proxy to investigate ecological effects of ocean acidification.

The effects of decreasing pH can be assessed at increasing levels of organisation, from the responses of individuals of a species up through populations and communities to whole ecosystems.

Foo S. A., Byrne M., Ricevuto E., & Gambi M. C., 2018. The carbon dioxide vents of Ischia, Italy, a natural system to assess impacts of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems: an overview of research and comparisons with other vent systems. In: Hawkins S. J., Evans A. J., Dale A. C., Firth L. B. & Smith I. P. (Eds.), Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Volume 56, pp. 237-310. Book chapter (restricted access).


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