1. What is ocean acidification?
The ocean provides a vital benefit to human society by absorbing one-fourth of all man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere, thus substantially limiting climate change (Le Quéré et al. 2015). However, oceanic CO2 uptake come with a cost. Known s “the other CO2 problem”, ocean acidification is a new and emerging challenge for sustainable development and ocean governance. In short, the term describes a series of chemical changes occurring when atmospheric CO2 dissolves in seawater, with potentially dire consequences for marine organisms, ecosystems and the services they provide. (…)
Osborn D., Dupont S., Hansson L. & Metian M., 2017. Ocean acidification: impacts and governance. In Nunes P. A. L. D., Svensson L. E. & Markandya A. (Eds.), Handbook on the Economics and Management of Sustainable Oceans, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 396-415. Book chapter.