Carbon sequestration via enhanced weathering of peridotites and basalts in seawater

Highlights

• Enhanced weathering of ultrafine peridotites and basalts in seawater was studied.
• Open system experiments were performed in batch reactors at ambient conditions.
• Peridotites induced CO2 drawdown directly from the atmosphere via mineralization.
• The basalt did not yield any significant changes in seawater composition.
• The precipitation of sepiolite could reduce the carbon sequestration efficiency.

Abstract

Enhanced weathering of mafic and ultramafic rocks has been suggested as a carbon sequestration strategy for the mitigation of climate change. This study was designed to assess the potential drawdown of CO2 directly from the atmosphere by the enhanced weathering of peridotites and basalts in seawater. Pulverized, and ball milled dunite, harzburgite and olivine basalt were reacted in artificial seawater in batch reactor systems open to the atmosphere for two months. The results demonstrate that the ball-milled dunite and harzburgite changed dramatically the chemical composition of the seawater within a few hours, inducing CO2 drawdown directly from the atmosphere and ultimately the precipitation of aragonite. In contrast, pulverized but unmilled rocks, and the ball-milled basalt, did not yield any significant changes in seawater composition during the two-month experiments. As much as 10 wt percent aragonite was precipitated during the experiment containing the finest-grained dunite. These results demonstrate that ball milling can substantially enhance the weathering rate of peridotites in marine environments, promoting the permanent storage of CO2 as environmentally benign carbonate minerals through enhanced weathering. The precipitation of Mg-silicate clay minerals, however, could reduce the efficiency of this carbon sequestration approach over longer timescales.

 

Rigopoulos I., Harrison A. L., Delimitis A., Ioannou I., Efstathiou A. M., Kyratsi T. & Oelkers E. H., 2018. Carbon sequestration via enhanced weathering of peridotites and basalts in seawater. Applied Geochemistry 91: 197-207. Article (subscription required).

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