Bryozoans and ocean acidification

Bryozoans are aquatic animals that form colonies of connected individuals. Bryozoans have such highly variable morphology that they are often mistaken for other organisms such as hydroids, corals, colonial ascidians and turfing seaweeds. Some colonies are bushy and moss-like, hence the phylum name, Bryozoa, which means ‘moss animals’ in Greek. Others are flat and encrusting, hence the common name ‘sea mats’. Still others resemble lace, forming erect frondose colonies with holes in their structure or encrustations over sea-weeds and rocks, hence the name ‘lace corals’. Since no single common name is applicable to all species, the name ‘bryozoans’ is the most preferred by researchers of the group.

Smith A. M., 2018. Bryozoans and ocean acidification. In: Weaver H., Cook P., Bock P. & Gordon D., Australian Bryozoa Volume 1: Biology, Ecology and Natural History. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. Chapter (restricted access).

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