The oceans and our climate

Key messages

  • The oceans are a major influence on global and Australian climate.
  • The oceans currently store over 93% of increased heat accumulating in the
    Earth’s climate system.
  • Warming oceans and loss of mass from glaciers and ice sheets are causing sea
    level to rise.
  • Ocean acidification is an inevitable consequence of rising atmospheric
    carbon dioxide.
  • Ocean warming and acidification have significant negative implications for
    marine environments and ecosystem services.

Church J., Cai W., Wang G. & Lenton A., 2017. The oceans and our climate. In: Mapstone B. D. (Ed.), Oceans: science and solutions for Australia, pp. 51-62. CSIRO Publishing. Report.

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Ocean acidification in the IPCC AR5 WG II

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