A direct bicarbonate detection method based on a near-concentric cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system

Raman spectroscopy has great potential as a tool in a variety of hydrothermal science applications. However, its low sensitivity has limited its use in common sea areas. In this paper, we develop a near-concentric cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system to directly detect bicarbonate in seawater for the first time. With the aid of this near-concentric cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system, a significant enhancement in HCO3 detection has been achieved. The obtained limit of detection (LOD) is determined to be 0.37 mmol/L—much lower than the typical concentration of HCO3 in seawater. By introducing a specially developed data processing scheme, the weak HCO3 signal is extracted from the strong sulfate signal background, hence a quantitative analysis with R2 of 0.951 is made possible. Based on the spectra taken from deep sea seawater sampling, the concentration of HCO3 has been determined to be 1.91 mmol/L, with a relative error of 2.1% from the reported value (1.95 mmol/L) of seawater in the ocean. It is expected that the near-concentric cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system could be developed and used for in-situ ocean observation in the near future.

Yang D., Guo J., Liu C., Liu Q. & Zheng R., 2017. A direct bicarbonate detection method based on a near-concentric cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system. Sensors 17 (12): 2784. doi: 10.3390/s17122784. Article.

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