The effect of ocean acidification on skeletal structures

It is well known that the increasing partial pressure of atmospheric CO2 (pCO2) is reducing surface ocean pH, a process known as ocean acidification (OA). This results in a reduced saturation of the seawater with respect to the CaCO3 polymorphs aragonite, high-Mg calcite, and low-Mg calcite that are involved in the biological formation of calcareous skeletons and shells. The effect of OA on calcium carbonate precipitation and subsequent dissolution in carbonate depositional systems, such as coral reefs, is a hotly debated topic. While early studies suggested that certain carbonate-secreting organism groups may be strongly affected by OA or even become extinct [1,2], others observed highly variable, species-specific responses to OA, whereby some taxa are negatively affected, some are positively affected, and others are unaffected [3,4,5].

Westphal H., Ries J. B. & Doo S. S., 2022. The effect of ocean acidification on skeletal structures. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 10(6): 786. Article.

  • Reset


OA-ICC Highlights

%d bloggers like this: