FUTURE (Forecasting and Understanding Trends, Uncertainties and Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems) is an integrative Scientific Program undertaken by the member countries and affiliates of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) to understand how marine ecosystems in the North Pacific respond to climate change and human activities, to forecast ecosystem status based on contemporary understanding of how nature functions, and to communicate new insights to its members, governments, stakeholders, and the public.
FUTURE evolved from research conducted by its predecessor, the PICES/GLOBEC Climate Change and Carrying Capacity program, which had the goal of increasing understanding of climate influences on marine ecosystems. FUTURE continues a focus on understanding climate impacts on marine ecosystems and places additional emphasis on coastal anthropogenic influences, ecosystems forecasting, and engaging a broad user community with interests in North Pacific ecological and climate information.
This PICES Special Publication on ocean acidification and ocean deoxygenation is an important contribution to FUTURE’s principal objective of improving our knowledge and communication of the future of North Pacific ecosystems and the potential impacts of human activities on the North Pacific.
Alin S., Evans W., Gao Z., Gurney-Smith H., Lee K. & Tishchenko P., 2019. Ocean acidification and deoxygenation in the North Pacific Ocean. North Pacific marine Science Organization (PICES). Report.