Ocean carbon cycle

This article briefly reviews the broader aspects of the global carbon cycle and in particular, the ocean carbon cycle. Topics discussed include the following: a brief overview of the global carbon cycle; the ocean carbon and the chemistry of carbon dioxide in seawater; the solubility, exchange of carbon dioxide between the ocean and atmosphere, and chemical buffering in seawater; recent perturbations to the marine carbon cycle including ocean acidification; and solubility, biological and carbonate pumps that transport and redistribute carbon in the ocean. This revised piece updates an early version of the article (Carlson et al., 2001).

Bates N. R., 2019. Ocean carbon cycle. Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Third Edition) 1: 418-428. Article (subscription required).

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