Experimental strategies to assess the biological ramifications of multiple drivers of global ocean change – a review

Marine life is controlled by multiple physical and chemical drivers and by diverse ecological processes. Many of these oceanic properties are being altered by climate change and other anthropogenic pressures. Hence identifying the influences of multi-faceted ocean change, from local to global scales, is a complex task. To guide policy-making and make projections of the future of the marine biosphere, it is essential to understand biological responses at physiological, evolutionary and ecological levels. Here, we contrast and compare different approaches to multiple driver experiments that aim to elucidate biological responses to a complex matrix of ocean global change. We present the benefits and the challenges of each approach with a focus on marine research, and guidelines to navigate through these different categories to help identify strategies that might best address research questions in fundamental physiology, experimental evolutionary biology, and community ecology. Our Review reveals that the field of multiple driver research is being pulled in complementary directions: the need for reductionist approaches to obtain process-oriented, mechanistic understanding, and a requirement to quantify responses to projected future scenarios of ocean change. We conclude the Review with recommendations on how best to align different experimental approaches to contribute fundamental information needed for science-based policy-formulation.

Boyd P. W., Collins S., Dupont S., Fabricius K., Gattuso J.-P., Havenhand  J., Hutchins D. A., Riebesell U., Rintoul M. S., Vichi M., Biswas H., Ciotti A., Gao K., Gehlen M., Hurd C. L., Kurihara H., McGraw C. M., Navarro J., Nilsson G. E., Passow U. & Pörtner H.-O., in press. Experimental strategies to assess the biological ramifications of multiple drivers of global ocean change – a review. Global Change Biology. Article (subscription required).

0 Responses to “Experimental strategies to assess the biological ramifications of multiple drivers of global ocean change – a review”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.




Subscribe to the RSS feed

Powered by FeedBurner

Follow AnneMarin on Twitter

Blog Stats

  • 1,119,260 hits

OA-ICC HIGHLIGHTS

Ocean acidification in the IPCC AR5 WG II

OUP book