Carbon dioxide, climate change, and ocean acidification

Chapter 13: Carbon dioxide, Climate Change, and Ocean Acidification

A natural blanket of greenhouse gases surrounds the Earth and has made it far more livable than it would be otherwise. The average surface temperature of the planet is a reasonably comforable 60° F rather than the 0° F it would be without our unique atmosphere. Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases are the four major greenhouse gases, and each one is present in a different concentration. Each gas also has its own natural concentration, but these have now been significantly increased by human activities. Water vapor is also a greenhouse gas, but its concentration in the atmosphere is not affected by human activities.

Griggs G., 2017. Carbon dioxide, Climate Change, and Ocean Acidification. In: Griggs G., Coasts in crisis: a global challenge, pp 253-266. University of California Press. Chapter(restricted access).

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