Ocean acidification as physical indicator for climate change

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2°C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will be a greatly concerned.

Ba Naga, M. H., 2022. Ocean acidification as physical indicator for climate change. Maritime Park: Journal of Maritime Technology and Society 1(3). Article (subscription required).


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