European Free CO2 Enrichment Experiment (eFOCE)

The objective of the eFOCE project is to develop, validate and implement experimental systems that enable scientists to investigate the long-term effects of acidification in situ on benthic marine communities – i.e. those organisms which live on or near the seabed. The project will be carried out in cooperation with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), which has recently developed a number of prototypes, and in partnership with several European laboratories involved in two projects – EPOCA and MedSeA – being co-funded by the European Commission. Over a 3-year period, the aim of the project is to develop and test systems which can be used in relatively long (> 6 month) experiments in the Mediterranean Sea. The ultimate goal is to increase the number of these systems and make them available to the international scientific community via an international network.

An underwater instrument package comprising a pair of incubators will be constructed. One of them will serve as a control while the acidity in the second incubator will be controlled in real time to simulate the acidity levels projected for the year 2100.

The total project cost will amount to €1.2 million. A grant from BNP Paribas Foundation, in the amount of €650,000 contributes to the design, building and testing of the instrument.

The project will run for three years. The first two years will be devoted to development and testing of the instrument package. This package will be used during the third year on Mediterranean communities.

eFOCE web site:

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