Ocean acidification and its consequences

Human activities are responsible for a 36% increase in atmospheric CO2 from the beginning of the industrial era; this has already caused a 0.1 unit decrease in the average ocean surface pH. What evolution and consequences can we expect in the coming century?

Martin S., Gazeau F., Orr J. C. & Gattuso J.-P., 2008. Ocean acidification and its consequences. French Earth System Science Partnership Newsletter (French Academy of Sciences) 21:5-16. Article

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