A report prepared by Climate Analytics
IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report noted that climate has changed since pre-industrial times. The changes since the mid-20th century are ‘very likely’ due to human activities, in particular those that lead to greenhouse-gas emissions. Many regions and countries have characteristics that make them vulnerable to the effects of climate change, which include increasing land and ocean temperatures, sea level rise, and the increase in frequency and severity of several extreme weather events. Climate change inflicts loss and damage on these countries’ economies, livelihoods, coastal infrastructure, ecosystems and food and water supplies. Increased loss and damage is projected with further increasing GHG emissions.
The report includes a section on ocean acidification.
Coumou D. & Schaeffer M., 2012. Science Update: loss and damage – climate change today and under future scenarios. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), 24 p. Report.