Session on ocean acidification, 36th International Geological Congress, 2-8 March 2020, Delhi, India

The 36th International Geological Congress will be held on 2-8 March 2020 in Delhi, India, and will include a session on ocean acidification under the theme “Oceans in a Changing World”.

Session name: Response of Marine Organisms to Ocean Acidification

Session description: Over the last century, extensive anthropogenic activities on earth led to an unprecedented increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration and thus warming our climate. The surface oceans absorb a substantial part of the anthropogenically emitted CO2 and increased accumulation of CO2 in the surface ocean waters is increasing H+ and bicarbonate ion (HCO3-1) concentrations, coupled with decreasing pH [acidification (OA)] and carbonate ion (CO3-2) concentrations. The major shift in dissolved inorganic carbon speciation in surface seawater is affecting calcium carbonate saturation state, which is vital for numerous marine calcifying organisms. There have also been examples of resilient species under low pH condition. Autotrophic organism, like phytoplankton may respond differently to this ocean changes since increasing CO2 may be beneficial to them as a substrate for photosynthesis. Our oceans also experiencing warming and hence, under collective (multi-) stress may become deleterious for marine biota. Further, ocean warming is resulting in major changes in ocean physics which may further change nutrient availability and light penetration. These may have potential to impact the entire food chain, fisheries resources and carbon cycling. This symposium intends to include field and laboratory studies on extent of ocean acidification and its impact on marine ecology, with particular emphasis on Indian waters.

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