The Oceans 2015 Initiative: what future for the ocean? UNFCCC COP21 side event organised by the Monegasque Association for Ocean Acidification (AMAO), 3 December 2015

Date & time: 3 December 2015, 11.00-12.30
Location: COP21 in Le Bourget, Climate Generation Area, Room 1

The Oceans 2015 Initiative was launched to provide COP 21 negotiators with key information on how the future ocean will look like depending on C02 emissions pathways. This side-event will describe the main findings on future changes in the marine environment, key marine organisms and ecosystem services. lt will also address the issues of possible solutions. A multilingual policy brief will be distributed. More information on the products of the Oceans 2015 initiative can be found here.


  • Jean-Pierre Gattuso (France), Introduction and overview of climate-related impacts on the ocean
  • Laurent Bopp (France), Physics and chemistry of the future ocean
  • Denis Allemand (Monaco), Coral reefs facing the challenge of ocean warming and acidification
  • Hans-Otto Poertner (Germany), Ocean and food security
  • Ove Hoegh-Guldberg (Australia), Economies of ocean services
  • Alexandre Magnan (France), Solutions to minimise impacts on the ocean
  • Round table-Questions and answers

amaologo_The Oceans 2015 Initiative_RVB

1 Response to “The Oceans 2015 Initiative: what future for the ocean? UNFCCC COP21 side event organised by the Monegasque Association for Ocean Acidification (AMAO), 3 December 2015”

  1. 1 Mike Koefman 20 November 2015 at 16:01

    A wonderful initiative Monaco! Please do what you can to show delegates and NGOs that ocean change is as important as climate change – they are joined at the carbon hip. If at the same time you can press for the reduction in atmospheric CONCENTRATIONS (preferably to the pre-industrial level of about 280ppm) rather than the pointless reductions in EMISSIONS so as to “stabilise” (so they say) the climate at approx 450 ppm or more, leading to (they say) a maximum average global temperature of 2C above 1850-1900 average, so much the better. We have to think in SYSTEMS – otherwise we are not thinking at all; the atmosphere-ocean system can only be protected by reducing the carbon pressure to which it is being subjected. Perhaps you could advocate the “Three Rs” which our own NGO has adopted:
    1. Restraint in all energy use
    2. Refuelling mankind’s lifestyles and endeavours with hydrogen, derived by the solar and wind driven electrolysis of water, thus displacing all fossil fuels
    3. Retrieval of excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (and thus ultimately from the ocean), and its safe and permanent immobilisation, leading to the 280ppm target mentioned above.
    You might also like to take note of
    (a) a very well researched and written paper from a young German researcher relevant to “3” above: Sabine Mathesias et al: “Long-term response of oceans to CO2 removal from the atmosphere”. A deeply interesting and significant paper, whose underlying (but unstated) message is that the sooner we start on “3” the better.
    (b) A huge French hydrogen presence at COP21! Absolutely in line with “2” above. They will be at COP21 from the 4th to the 10th Dec. This is the first serious hydrogen presence at a COP since our own at Bonn COP6.5, Marrakesh COP7, Milano COP10.
    Best wishes for this terrific initiative, Mike Koefman,outreach worker,director, Planet Hydrogen, Bridge 5 Mill, Beswick Street, Manchester M4 7HR, UK

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