Diverse responses of sporophytic photochemical efficiency and gametophytic growth for two edible kelps, Saccharina japonica and Undaria pinnatifida, to ocean acidification and warming

Highlights

• Increased pCO2 enhanced sporophytic photosynthesis of S. japonica and U. pinnatifida.
• Increased pCO2 inhibited gametophytic growth of these two kelps.
• Ocean acidification and warming represent major threats to kelp mariculture.
• U. pinnatifida showed higher productivity in warmer ocean than S. japonica.

Abstract

Ocean acidification and warming represent major environmental threats to kelp mariculture. In this study, sporophytic photochemical efficiency and gametophytic growth of Saccharina japonica and Undaria pinnatifidawere evaluated under different pCO2 levels (360, 720, and 980 ppmv) and temperatures (5, 10, 15, and 20 °C for sporophytes; 15 and 20 °C for gametophytes). Sporophytic photochemical efficiencies of both kelps were significantly greater at 720 ppmv than at 360 and 980 ppmv. Female gametophytes of both kelps grew significantly better at 360 ppmv than at higher pCO2 levels. The growth of U. pinnatifida gametophytes was significantly greater at 20 °C than at 15 °C, while no significant difference was observed for the growth of S. japonica. These results indicate that increased pCO2 stimulated sporophytic photochemical efficiency while inhibited gametophytic growth of these kelps, which might negatively affect their seedling cultivation. U. pinnatifida exhibited higher productivity in warmer ocean than S. japonica.

Gao X., Kim J.-H., Park S. K., Yu O. H., Kim S. Y. & Choi H. G., 2019. Diverse responses of sporophytic photochemical efficiency and gametophytic growth for two edible kelps, Saccharina japonica and Undaria pinnatifida, to ocean acidification and warming. Marine Pollution Bulletin 142: 315-320. Article

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OA-ICC HIGHLIGHTS

Ocean acidification in the IPCC AR5 WG II

OUP book