Ocean acidification affects iron speciation in seawater

Rising atmospheric CO2 is acidifying the surface ocean, a process which is expected to greatly influence the chemistry and biology of the future ocean. Following the development of iron-replete phytoplankton blooms in a coastal mesocosm experiment at 350, 700, and 1050 μatm pCO2, we observed significant increases in dissolved iron concentrations, Fe(II) concentrations, and Fe(II) half-life times during and after the peak of blooms in response to CO2 enrichment, suggesting increased iron bioavailability. If applicable to the open ocean this may provide a negative feedback mechanism to the rising atmospheric CO2 by stimulating marine primary production.

Breitbarth, E., Bellerby, R. J., Neill, C. C., Ardelan, M. V., Meyerhöfer, M., Zöllner, E., Croot, P. L., & Riebesell, U., 2009. Ocean acidification affects iron speciation in seawater. Biogeosciences Discussions 6(4):6781-6802. Article.

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Ocean acidification in the IPCC AR5 WG II

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